Monday, January 28, 2008

Thyagaraja Kriti - Evaruraa Ninu Vinaa - Raga Mohanam

Transliteration–Telugu
Transliteration as per Modified Harvard-Kyoto (HK) Convention
(including Telugu letters – Short e, Short o) -

a A i I u U
R RR lR lRR
e E ai o O au M (H or :)

(e – short E – Long o – short O – Long)

k kh g gh n/G
c ch j jh n/J (jn – as in jnAna)
T Th D Dh N
t th d dh n
p ph b bh m
y r l L v
S sh s h

evarurA ninu vinA-mOhanaM

In the kRti ‘evarurA ninu vinA’ - rAga mOhanaM, SrI tyAgarAja pleads with Lord to have compassion on him.

pallavi
evarurA ninu vinA gati mAku


anupallavi
1savana rakshaka nity(O)tsava sItA pati (evaru)


caraNam 1
rAdA nAdupai nI daya vina
rAdA mura vairi kAdA daya palka
rAdA(y)idi mariyAdA nAtO
vAdamA nE bhEdamA mAku (evaru)


caraNam 2
2rAka nann(E)ca nyAyamA
parAkA nEn(a)NTE hEyamA rAma
rAkA SaSi mukha nIk(A)Sinciti
sAkumA puNya SlOkamA mAku (evaru)


caraNam 3
Sr(I)S(3A)ri gaN(A)rAtivi nAd-
(A)Sa teliyaka pOtivi
4Apag(E)S(A)rcita pAlit(E)Sa 5nA
prakASamA sva-prakASamA mAku (evaru)


caraNam 4
rAjA bigu nIk(E)larA tyAga-
rAj(A)rcita 6tALa jAlarA rAma
I jAlamu sEya rAja brOva
sankOcamA sura bhUjamA mAku (evaru)


Gist

  • O Protector of sacrificial oblations! O Lord who is an eternal joy for the devotees! O Consort of sItA!

  • O Lord rAma! O Full-moon Faced! O Praise-worthy Lord!

  • O Consort of lakshmI! O Lord worshipped by varuNa! O Lord who protected Lord Siva! O Light of my life! O Lord who is self-effulgent!

  • O King! O Lord worshipped by this tyAgarAja! O Wish-Tree for devotees?

    • Won’t Your grace descend on me? Won’t You listen? Aren’t You the enemy of demon mura? Can’t You speak compassionate words? Is this honourable for You? Why this dispute with me? Am I alien to You?

    • Is it justice to deceive me without coming here? Are you showing unconcern? Or, do You have disgust in my case? I loved You; please fulfil my desire.

    • You are destroyer of enemies! But, You did not understand my desire.

    • Why this rigidity for You? I am unable to bear; do You consent for this procrastination or deception? Are You shying away from protecting me?

    • Who is refuge for us other than You?



Word-by-word Meaning

pallavi
evarurA ninu vinA gati mAku

Who (evarurA) is refuge (gati) for us (mAku) other than (vinA) You (ninu)?


anupallavi
savana rakshaka nitya-utsava sItA pati (evaru)

O Protector (rakshaka) of sacrificial oblations (savana)! O Lord who is an eternal (nitya) joy (utsava) (literally festival) (nityOtsava) for the devotees! O Consort (pati) of sItA!
Who is refuge for us other than You?


caraNam 1
rAdA nAdupai nI daya vina
rAdA mura vairi kAdA daya palka
rAdA-idi mariyAdA nAtO
vAdamA nE bhEdamA mAku (evaru)

Won’t Your (nI) grace (daya) descend (rAdA) (literally come) on me (nAdupai)? Won’t (rAdA) You listen (vina)? Aren’t You (kAdA) the enemy (vairi) of demon mura? Can’t You speak (rAdA) compassionate (daya) words (palku)?
Is this (idi) (rAdAyidi) honourable (mariyAdA) for You? Why this dispute (vAdamA) with me (nAtO)? Am I (nE) alien (bhEdamA) to You?
Who is refuge for us (mAku) other than You?


caraNam 2
rAka nannu-Eca nyAyamA
parAkA nEnu-aNTE hEyamA rAma
rAkA SaSi mukha nIku-ASinciti
sAkumA puNya SlOkamA mAku (evaru)

Is it justice (nyAyamA) to deceive (Eca) me (nannu) (nannEca) without coming (rAka) here? Are you showing unconcern (parAkA)? Or, do You have disgust (hEyamA) in my case (nEnu aNTE) (nEnaNTE), O Lord rAma?
O Full-moon (rAkA SaSi) Faced (mukha)! I loved (ASinciti) You (nIku) (literally for You) (nIkASinciti); please fulfil (sAkumA) my desire, O Praise-worthy Lord (puNya SlOkamA)!
Who is refuge for us (mAku) other than You?


caraNam 3
SrI-ISa-ari gaNa-arAtivi nAdu-
ASa teliyaka pOtivi
Apaga-ISa-arcita pAlita-ISa nA
prakASamA sva-prakASamA mAku (evaru)

O Consort (ISa) of lakshmI (SrI)! You are destroyer (arAtivi) (literally enemy) of enemies (ari gaNa) (SrISAri) (gaNArAtivi)! But, You did not understand (teliyaka pOtivi) my (nAdu) desire (ASa) (nAdASa);
O Lord worshipped (arcita) by varuNa - Lord (ISa) of rivers (Apaga) (ApagESArcita)! O Lord who protected (pAlita) Lord Siva (ISa) (pAlitESa)! O Light (prakASamA) of my (nA) life! O Lord who is self-effulgent (sva-prakASamA)!
Who is refuge for us (mAku) other than You?


caraNam 4
rAjA bigu nIku-ElarA tyAga-
rAja-arcita tALa jAlarA rAma
I jAlamu sEya rAja brOva
sankOcamA sura bhUjamA mAku (evaru)

O King (rAjA)! Why (ElarA) this rigidity (bigu) for You (nIku) (nIkElarA), O Lord worshipped (arcita) by this tyAgarAja (tyAgarAjArcita)! I am unable (jAlarA) to bear (tALa), O Lord rAma!
Do You consent (rAja) for this (I) procrastination or deception (jAlamu sEya)? Are You shying away (sankOcamA) from protecting (brOva) me, O Wish-Tree (kalpa vRksha)– celestial (sura) tree (bhUja) (bhUjamA) – for devotees?
Who is refuge for us (mAku) other than You?


Notes –
Variations
General – In some books, anupallavi is given as part of pallavi – there is no separate anupallavi.

1 – savana – sava : Both generally mean same.

2 – rAka nannEca – rAka ninnEca : From the context, ‘nannEca’ seems to be appropriate.

5 – nA prakASamA - nava kASamA.

As per Sanskrit Dictionary 'kASa' - botanical name 'Saccharum spontaneum' – is wild sugar cane. As per tamizh Dictionary, 'kAsa' or 'kAya' – botanical name 'Momecylon tinctorium' - is dark-blue flower tree. In tamizh dictionary, ‘kAsAmbU mEnian’ or ‘kAsAmbU vaNNan’ are given as epithets of vishNu.

In Ceylon's mullaittIvu, 'kAyAmbU' is also known as 'mullai'.

In 'kamba rAmAyaNaM' (tamizh), kamban calls rAma as 'kAyAmbU mEnian' – one who is dark-blue hued like 'kAyAmbU'.

6 – tALa jAlarA rAma –tALa jAlarA rAja.

Comments -
3 – ari gaNa arAtivi – this may also mean six internal enemies (shaD-ripu) – kAma, krOdha, lObha, mOha, mada, mAtsarya.

4 – ApagESArcita – Worshipped by varuNa – Lord of rivers. However, Lord Siva at tiruvaiyAru is also known as ‘pancApagESa’ – ‘Lord of five rivers’. Therefore, it could also be translated as 'One worshipped (arcita) by Lord Siva (ApagESa)'.

Devanagari

ऎ,कॆ,चॆ.. - e,ke,ce..(short);
ए,के,चे.. - E,kE,cE..(long);
ऐ,कै,चै.. - ai,kai,cai..;
ऒ,कॊ,चॊ.. - o,ko,co..(short);
ओ,को,चो.. - O,kO,cO..(long);
औ,कौ,चौ.. -au,kau,cau..;

प. ऎवरुरा निनु विना गति माकु

अ. सवन रक्षक नि(त्यो)त्सव सीता पति (ऎवरु)

च1. रादा नादुपै नी दय विन
रादा मुर वैरि कादा दय पल्क
रादा(यि)दि मरियादा नातो
वादमा ने भेदमा माकु (ऎवरु)

च2. राक न(न्ने)च न्यायमा
पराका ने(न)ण्टे हेयमा राम
राका शशि मुख नी(का)शिञ्चिति
साकुमा पुण्य श्लोकमा माकु (ऎवरु)

च3. (श्री)(शा)रि ग(णा)रातिवि
ना(दा)श तॆलियक पोतिवि
आप(गे)(शा)र्चित पालि(ते)श ना
प्रकाशमा स्वप्रकाशमा माकु (ऎवरु)

च4. राजा बिगु नी(के)लरा त्याग-
रा(जा)र्चित ताळ जालरा राम
ई जालमु सेय राज ब्रोव
संकोचमा सुर भूजमा माकु (ऎवरु)


Tamil

க,ச,ட,த,ப - 2-ख छ ठ थ फ; 3-ग ड द ब; 4-घ झ ढ ध भ
(ச3 - ஜ)
ஸ1 श - शिव - சிவன்
ரு2 ऋ - कृप - கிருபை

ப. எவருரா நினு வினா க3தி மாகு

அ. ஸவன ரக்ஷக நித்(யோ)த்ஸவ ஸீதா பதி (எவரு)

ச1. ராதா3 நாது3பை நீ த3ய வின
ராதா3 முர வைரி காதா3 த3ய பல்க
ராதா3(யி)தி3 மரியாதா3 நாதோ
வாத3மா நே பே4த3மா மாகு (எவரு)

ச2. ராக நன்(னே)ச ந்யாயமா
பராகா நே(ன)ண்டே ஹேயமா ராம
ராகா ஸ1ஸி1 முக2 நீ(கா)ஸி1ஞ்சிதி
ஸாகுமா புண்ய ஸ்1லோகமா மாகு (எவரு)

ச3. (ஸ்ரீ)(ஸா1)ரி க3(ணா)ராதிவி
நா(தா3)ஸ1 தெலியக போதிவி
ஆப(கே3)(ஸா1)ர்சித பாலி(தே)ஸ1 நா
ப்ரகாஸ1மா ஸ்வப்ரகாஸ1மா மாகு (எவரு)

ச4. ராஜா பி3கு3 நீ(கே)லரா த்யாக3-
ரா(ஜா)ர்சித தாள ஜாலரா ராம
ஈ ஜாலமு ஸேய ராஜ ப்3ரோவ
ஸங்கோசமா ஸுர பூ4ஜமா மாகு (எவரு)

யாரய்யா உன்னையன்றி கதியெமக்கு?

வேள்வி காத்தோனே! என்றும் திருவிழாவே! சீதைக் கேள்வா!
யாரய்யா உன்னையன்றி கதியெமக்கு?

1. வாராதோ, என்மீது உனது தயை?
கேளாயோ?முர வைரியன்றோ? கருணையுடன்
பகரலாகாதோ? இது மரியாதையோ? என்னுடன்
வாதமோ? நான் வேறோ? எமக்கு
யாரய்யா உன்னையன்றி கதி?

2. வாராது, என்னை ஏய்த்தல் நியாயமோ?
அசட்டையோ? நானென்றால் வெறுப்போ, இராமா?
முழுமதி வதனத்தோனே! உனக்காசைப்பட்டேன்;
நிறைவேற்றுவாய்; புகழத் தக்கோனே! எமக்கு
யாரய்யா உன்னையன்றி கதி?

3. மாமணாளா! நீ பகைவரை யழிப்பவனன்றோ! எனது
ஆசையை அறிந்திலை;
வருணனால் தொழப்பெற்றோனே! ஈசனைக் காப்போனே!
எனது (வாழ்வின்) ஒளியே! தன்னொளியோனே! எமக்கு
யாரய்யா உன்னையன்றி கதி?

4. அரசே! முறைப்பு உனக்கேனய்யா?
தியாகராசனால் தொழப்பெற்றோனே! தாளவியலேனய்யா, இராமா!
இந்த தாமதம் செய்ய ஒப்புகின்றாயோ? காப்பதற்கு
கூச்சமோ? (தொண்டரின்) வானோர் தருவே! எமக்கு
யாரய்யா உன்னையன்றி கதி?

திருவிழா - கொண்டாட்டம் - அடியார்க்கு
முரன் - கண்ணனால் கொல்லப்பட்ட அரக்கன்
பகைவரை யழிப்பவன் - உட்பகை அறுவரென்றும் கொள்ளலாம்
உட்பகை அறுவர் - காமம், சினம், கருமித்தனம், மயக்கம், செருக்கு, பொறாமை
தாமதம் செய்ய - 'பிடிவாதம் செய்ய' என்றும் கொள்ளலாம்.
வானோர் தரு - விரும்பியதை வழங்கும் கற்ப தரு


Telugu

ప. ఎవరురా నిను వినా గతి మాకు

అ. సవన రక్షక నిత్యోత్సవ సీతా పతి (ఎవరు)

చ1. రాదా నాదుపై నీ దయ విన
రాదా ముర వైరి కాదా దయ పల్క
రాదాయిది మరియాదా నాతో
వాదమా నే భేదమా మాకు (ఎవరు)

చ2. రాక నన్నేచ న్యాయమా
పరాకా నేనంటే హేయమా రామ
రాకా శశి ముఖ నీకాశించితి
సాకుమా పుణ్య శ్లోకమా మాకు (ఎవరు)

చ3. శ్రీశారి గణారాతివి
నాదాశ తెలియక పోతివి
ఆపగేశార్చిత పాలితేశ నా
ప్రకాశమా స్వప్రకాశమా మాకు (ఎవరు)

చ4. రాజా బిగు నీకేలరా త్యాగ-
రాజార్చిత తాళ జాలరా రామ
ఈ జాలము సేయ రాజ బ్రోవ
సంకోచమా సుర భూజమా మాకు (ఎవరు)


Kannada

ಪ. ಎವರುರಾ ನಿನು ವಿನಾ ಗತಿ ಮಾಕು

ಅ. ಸವನ ರಕ್ಷಕ ನಿತ್ಯೋತ್ಸವ ಸೀತಾ ಪತಿ (ಎವರು)

ಚ1. ರಾದಾ ನಾದುಪೈ ನೀ ದಯ ವಿನ
ರಾದಾ ಮುರ ವೈರಿ ಕಾದಾ ದಯ ಪಲ್ಕ
ರಾದಾಯಿದಿ ಮರಿಯಾದಾ ನಾತೋ
ವಾದಮಾ ನೇ ಭೇದಮಾ ಮಾಕು (ಎವರು)

ಚ2. ರಾಕ ನನ್ನೇಚ ನ್ಯಾಯಮಾ
ಪರಾಕಾ ನೇನಂಟೇ ಹೇಯಮಾ ರಾಮ
ರಾಕಾ ಶಶಿ ಮುಖ ನೀಕಾಶಿಂಚಿತಿ
ಸಾಕುಮಾ ಪುಣ್ಯ ಶ್ಲೋಕಮಾ ಮಾಕು (ಎವರು)

ಚ3. ಶ್ರೀಶಾರಿ ಗಣಾರಾತಿವಿ
ನಾದಾಶ ತೆಲಿಯಕ ಪೋತಿವಿ
ಆಪಗೇಶಾರ್ಚಿತ ಪಾಲಿತೇಶ ನಾ
ಪ್ರಕಾಶಮಾ ಸ್ವಪ್ರಕಾಶಮಾ ಮಾಕು (ಎವರು)

ಚ4. ರಾಜಾ ಬಿಗು ನೀಕೇಲರಾ ತ್ಯಾಗ-
ರಾಜಾರ್ಚಿತ ತಾಳ ಜಾಲರಾ ರಾಮ
ಈ ಜಾಲಮು ಸೇಯ ರಾಜ ಬ್ರೋವ
ಸಂಕೋಚಮಾ ಸುರ ಭೂಜಮಾ ಮಾಕು (ಎವರು)


Malayalam

പ. എവരുരാ നിനു വിനാ ഗതി മാകു

അ. സവന രക്ഷക നിത്യോത്സവ സീതാ പതി (എവരു)

ച1. രാദാ നാദുപൈ നീ ദയ വിന
രാദാ മുര വൈരി കാദാ ദയ പല്ക
രാദായിദി മരിയാദാ നാതോ
വാദമാ നേ ഭേദമാ മാകു (എവരു)

ച2. രാക നന്നേച ന്യായമാ
പരാകാ നേനണ്ടേ ഹേയമാ രാമ
രാകാ ശശി മുഖ നീകാശിഞ്ചിതി
സാകുമാ പുണ്യ ശ്ലോകമാ മാകു (എവരു)

ച3. ശ്രീശാരി ഗണാരാതിവി
നാദാശ തെലിയക പോതിവി
ആപഗേശാര്ചിത പാലിതേശ നാ
പ്രകാശമാ സ്വപ്രകാശമാ മാകു (എവരു)

ച4. രാജാ ബിഗു നീകേലരാ ത്യാഗ-
രാജാര്ചിത താള ജാലരാ രാമ
ഈ ജാലമു സേയ രാജ ബ്രോവ
സങ്കോചമാ സുര ഭൂജമാ മാകു (എവരു)


Updated on 28 Jun 2009

5 comments:

S.Govindaswamy said...

Dear Sri Govindan
Re : evarurA ninu vinA
In the four caraNaMs rhyming of the first two syllables appear to be missing partly.
C 1- rAdA, rAdA, rAdA & vAda
C 2- rAka, (pa)rAkA, rAkA & sAku
C3- SrISA, dASA, gESA& kASa
C 4- rAjA, rAjA, IjA & (sam) kOca
Any Comments?
C 4- I jAlamu sEya rAja – If this is a question the ending should be rAjA? This is how it is given in TTD book.
Regards
Govindaswamy

S.Govindaswamy said...
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V Govindan said...

Dear Sri Govindaswamy,
While transcribing from the books, I have not strictly gone by the splitting of words as given in the books. For example, in one kRti, the word 'kRpAlavAla' has been split as 'kRpAla' and 'vAla' in the books. The corrct splitting would be 'kRpA' and 'AlavAla'. Here, I would prefer to have the complete word in the second line.
Therefore, the prAsa and anuprAsa rule cannot be applied to the version transcribed by me. Though, I have endeavoured to go by the version given in the books as far as possible, but not totally.
Regards,
V Govindan

Govindaswamy said...

Dear Sri Govindan
In caraNam  2 for ‘sAkumA’ you have given the meanig as ‘please filfil my desire’ Does not sAku mean ‘to nurture/to nourish/ti bring up’  ?
Regards
Govindaswamy

V Govindan said...

Dear Govindaswami,

What you say is correct. However, taking into account the context 'nIku ASinciti', I have translated as 'fulfil'.

Regards,
V Govindan.