Tuesday, March 11, 2008

Thyagaraja Kriti - Enduku Peddala - Raga Sankarabharanam

Transliteration–Telugu
Transliteration as per Modified Harvard-Kyoto (HK) Convention
(including Telugu letters – Short e, Short o) -

a A i I u U
R RR lR lRR
e E ai o O au M (H or :)

(e – short E – Long o – short O – Long)

k kh g gh n/G
c ch j jh n/J (jn – as in jnAna)
T Th D Dh N
t th d dh n
p ph b bh m
y r l L v
S sh s h

enduku peddala-SankarAbharaNaM

In the kRti ‘enduku peddalavalE’ – rAga SankarAbharaNaM, SrI tyAgarAja pleads with Lord to bestow on him the same kind of wisdom which great people have.

pallavi
enduku 1peddala vale buddhi 2iyyavu
endu pOdun(a)yya rAmayya


anupallavi
andari vale 3dATi dATi vadariti
4anda rAni paND(A)ye kadarA (endu)


caraNam
vEda SAstra tatv(A)rthamulu telisi
5bhEda rahita 6vEdAntamulu telisi
7nAda vidya marmambulanu 8telisi
nAtha tyAgarAja nuta nijamuga (endu)


Gist

O Lord rAma! O Lord praised by this tyAgarAja!
  • Why wouldn’t You bestow on me the same kind of wisdom as that of great people? Where else could I go?

    • Like all others, I too have been prattling, jumping here and there;

    • Isn’t it that wisdom has become like an unreachable fruit?

    • Even after knowing –

      • true philosophical meanings of vEdas and SAstras,

      • undifferentiated vEdAnta, and

      • secrets of science of nAda (nAdOpAsana),

  • why wouldn’t You bestow on me the same kind of wisdom truly like that of great people?



Word-by-word meaning

pallavi
enduku peddala vale buddhi iyyavu
endu pOdunu-ayya rAmayya

O Lord (ayya)! Why (enduku) wouldn’t You bestow (iyyavu) (literally give) on me the same kind of wisdom (buddhi) as that of (vale) great people (peddala) (literally elders)? O Lord (ayya) rAma (rAmayya)! Where else (endu) could I go (pOdunu) (pOdunayya)?


anupallavi
andari vale dATi dATi vadariti
anda rAni paNDu-Aye kadarA (endu)

Like (vale) all others (andari), I too have been prattling (vadariti), jumping here and there (dATi dATi); isn’t it (kadarA) that it (wisdom) has become (Aye) like an unreachable (anda rAni) fruit (paNDu) (paNDAye)?
O Lord! Why wouldn’t You bestow on me the same kind of wisdom as that of great people? O Lord rAma! Where else could I go?


caraNam
vEda SAstra tatva-arthamulu telisi
bhEda rahita vEdAntamulu telisi
nAda vidya marmambulanu telisi
nAtha tyAgarAja nuta nijamuga (endu)

Even after knowing (telisi) the true philosophical (tatva) meanings (arthamulu) (tatvArthamulu) of vEdas and SAstras,
knowing (telisi) the undifferentiated (bhEda rahita) vEdAnta (vEdAntamulu), and
knowing (telisi) the secrets (marmambulanu) of science (vidya) of nAda (nAdOpAsana),
O Lord (nAtha) praised (nuta) by this tyAgarAja!
why wouldn’t You bestow on me the same kind of wisdom truly (nijamuga) like that of great people? O Lord rAma! Where else could I go?


Notes –
Variations
2 – iyyavu – Iyavu.

6 – vEdAntamulu – vEdAntamunu. In keeping with other similar words 'tatvArthamulu', 'marmambulu', here also 'vEdAntamulu' has been adopted.

References
4 – anda rAni paNDu – Aesop’s Fables - 'Grapes and the Fox' seems to be referred here.

5 – bhEda – dvaita as propounded by madhvAcArya is considered as bhEda vAda - bhEda vAda and madhvAcArya

Comments -
1 – peddalu – Here this would refer to nArada and the like.

3 – dATi dATi vadariti – The exact meaning of this phrase is not clear. From the context, it has been translated as ‘prattled jumping here and there’.

7 – nAda vidya – In the present context, it is taken to mean ‘nAdOpAsana’ as practised by those knowledgeable in music. However, ‘nAda vidyA’ has a much wider connotation which is dealt in SrI vidyA and other Agama systems.

8 – telisi – In some books, this word has been attributed to the great people (paddalu) (like the great people who know true meanings of vEda, SAstra etc....). However, the flow of the language seems to point otherwise. Particularly, the word ‘nijamuga’ seems to indicate that ‘true wisdom’ is something more than what is intellectually perceived; it is the grace of the Lord which SrI tyAgarAja yearns. Further, if 'telisi' is to be attributed to 'great people', then the word should be 'telisina'.

Devanagari

ऎ,कॆ,चॆ.. - e,ke,ce..(short);
ए,के,चे.. - E,kE,cE..(long);
ऐ,कै,चै.. - ai,kai,cai..;
ऒ,कॊ,चॊ.. - o,ko,co..(short);
ओ,को,चो.. - O,kO,cO..(long);
औ,कौ,चौ.. -au,kau,cau..;

प. ऎन्दुकु पॆद्दल वलॆ बुद्धि इय्यवु
ऎन्दु पोदु(न)य्य रा(म)य्य

अ. अन्दरि वलॆ दाटि दाटि वदरिति
अन्द रानि प(ण्डा)यॆ कदरा (ऎन्दुकु)

च. वेद शास्त्र त(त्वा)र्थमुलु तॆलिसि
भेद रहित वेदान्तमुलु तॆलिसि
नाद विद्य मर्मम्बुलनु तॆलिसि
नाथ त्यागराज नुत निजमुग (ऎन्दुकु)


Tamil

க,ச,ட,த,ப - 2-ख छ ठ थ फ; 3-ग ड द ब; 4-घ झ ढ ध भ
(ச3 - ஜ)
ஸ1 श - शिव - சிவன்
ரு2 ऋ - कृप - கிருபை

ப. எந்து3கு பெத்3த3ல வலெ பு3த்3தி4 இய்யவு
எந்து3 போது3(ன)ய்ய ரா(ம)ய்ய

அ. அந்த3ரி வலெ தா3டி தா3டி வத3ரிதி
அந்த3 ரானி பண்(டா3)யெ கத3ரா (எந்து3கு)

ச. வேத3 ஸா1ஸ்த்ர தத்(வா)ர்த2முலு தெலிஸி
பே4த3 ரஹித வேதா3ந்தமுலு தெலிஸி
நாத3 வித்3ய மர்மம்பு3லனு தெலிஸி
நாத2 த்யாக3ராஜ நுத நிஜமுக3 (எந்து3கு)
ஏன் சான்றோர் போன்று அறிவருளாயோ?
எங்கு செல்வேனய்யா, இராமய்யா?

எல்லோரையும் போன்று, தாண்டித் தாண்டி உளறினேன்;
எட்டாத கனியானதன்றோ, ஐயா?
ஏன் சான்றோர் போன்று அறிவருளாயோ?
எங்கு செல்வேனய்யா, இராமய்யா?

மறைகள், சாத்திரங்களின் உட்பொருளறிந்தும்,
பேதமற்ற வேதாந்தத்தினையறிந்தும்,
நாத வித்தையின் மருமங்களையறிந்தும்,
நாதா! தியாகராசனால் போற்றப் பெற்றோனே! உண்மையாக
ஏன் சான்றோர் போன்று அறிவருளாயோ?
எங்கு செல்வேனய்யா, இராமய்யா?

பேதமற்ற வேதாந்தம் - சீவனும் பரம்பொருளும் ஒன்றேயெனல்.
நாத வித்தை - இவ்விடத்தில், 'நாதோபாஸனை' எனப்படும் இசை வழிபாட்டினைக் குறிக்கும்.


Telugu

ప. ఎందుకు పెద్దల వలె బుద్ధి ఇయ్యవు
ఎందు పోదునయ్య రామయ్య

అ. అందరి వలె దాటి దాటి వదరితి
అంద రాని పండాయె కదరా (ఎందుకు)

చ. వేద శాస్త్ర తత్వార్థములు తెలిసి
భేద రహిత వేదాంతములు తెలిసి
నాద విద్య మర్మంబులను తెలిసి
నాథ త్యాగరాజ నుత నిజముగ (ఎందుకు)


Kannada

ಪ. ಎಂದುಕು ಪೆದ್ದಲ ವಲೆ ಬುದ್ಧಿ ಇಯ್ಯವು
ಎಂದು ಪೋದುನಯ್ಯ ರಾಮಯ್ಯ

ಅ. ಅಂದರಿ ವಲೆ ದಾಟಿ ದಾಟಿ ವದರಿತಿ
ಅಂದ ರಾನಿ ಪಂಡಾಯೆ ಕದರಾ (ಎಂದುಕು)

ಚ. ವೇದ ಶಾಸ್ತ್ರ ತತ್ವಾರ್ಥಮುಲು ತೆಲಿಸಿ
ಭೇದ ರಹಿತ ವೇದಾಂತಮುಲು ತೆಲಿಸಿ
ನಾದ ವಿದ್ಯ ಮರ್ಮಂಬುಲನು ತೆಲಿಸಿ
ನಾಥ ತ್ಯಾಗರಾಜ ನುತ ನಿಜಮುಗ (ಎಂದುಕು)


Malayalam

പ. എന്ദുകു പെദ്ദല വലെ ബുദ്ധി ഇയ്യവു
എന്ദു പോദുനയ്യ രാമയ്യ

അ. അന്ദരി വലെ ദാടി ദാടി വദരിതി
അന്ദ രാനി പണ്ഡായെ കദരാ (എന്ദുകു)

ച. വേദ ശാസ്ത്ര തത്വാര്ഥമുലു തെലിസി
ഭേദ രഹിത വേദാന്തമുലു തെലിസി
നാദ വിദ്യ മര്മമ്ബുലനു തെലിസി
നാഥ ത്യാഗരാജ നുത നിജമുഗ (എന്ദുകു)


Updated on 30 Aug 2009

2 comments:

S.Govindaswamy said...

Dear Sri Govindan

You have mentined as “dATi dATi vadariti – The exact meaning of this phrase is not clear.”
Can we take dATi to mean ‘to cross’ and the last word to be ‘vadaliti’.
If so, will the meaning be “ Just like others I also tried to acquire knowledge and gave up after crossing a few of the subjects. This has become an unreachable fruit (கிட்டாக்கனி)”.
Regards
Govindaswmy

V Govindan said...

Dear Sri Govindaswamy,
I have checked all the books; it is given as 'vadariti' and the meaning derived also is that of 'vadariti'.
'dATi dATi' seems to be colloquial usage meaning of which is not very clear. However, there seems to be no doubt about the word 'vadaru'.
Regards,
V Govindan