Sunday, March 09, 2008

Thyagaraja kriti - Eduta Nilichite - Raga Sankarabharanam

Transliteration–Telugu
Transliteration as per Modified Harvard-Kyoto (HK) Convention
(including Telugu letters – Short e, Short o) -

a A i I u U
R RR lR lRR
e E ai o O au M (H or :)

(e – short E – Long o – short O – Long)

k kh g gh n/G
c ch j jh n/J (jn – as in jnAna)
T Th D Dh N
t th d dh n
p ph b bh m
y r l L v
S sh s h

eduTa nilicitE-SankarAbharaNaM

In the kRti ‘eduTa nilicitE’ – rAga SankarAbharaNaM, SrI tyAgarAja criticises the Lord for delaying His grace.

pallavi
eduTa nilicitE nIdu 1sommul(E)mi pOvurA


anupallavi
nuduTi vrAta kAni maTTu mIranu
nA 2taramu telisi 3mOsa pOdunA (eduTa)


caraNam 1
sarAsariga jUturA nAdu(y)-
avasarAla teliyumu varAl(a)Duga
jAlarA sakala dEva rAya manavi
vinar(A)gha hara sundar(A)kAra nA(yeduTa)


caraNam 2
vidEhajA ramaNa dEva brOvagan-
(i)dE samayam(a)nya dEvatala
vEDadE manasu teliyad(E)mi rAghava
id(E)Ti Sauryamu padE padE nA(yeduTa)


caraNam 3
4tarAna dorakani parAku nA(y)eDanu
rAma jEsitE sur(A)surulu
5metturA(y)ipuDu(y)I 6harAmi tanam-
(E)larA bhakta tyAgarAja nuta nA(yeduTa)


Gist

O Lord of all Gods! O Lord who destroys sins! O Lord of beautiful form! O Lord who is Consort of sItA! O Lord rAghava! O Lord rAma! O Lord praised by this devout tyAgarAja!
  • If You appear before me at every step, which of Your property would be lost?

  • But for what is pre-ordained, I shall not exceed my limits; knowing my ability, will I allow myself to be deceived? (OR)

  • But for what is pre-ordained, is it in my capacity to exceed my limits? will I allow myself to be deceived knowingly?

    • Is it proper to look at me equally (with others)? Please understand my exigencies; I won't ask for boons; please listen to my appeal.

    • This indeed is the opportune moment to protect me; my mind shall not beseech other Gods; is it not known to You? What kind of valour is this?

  • If You show such an unprecedented unconcern towards me, would celestials and even demons appreciate? Why this wickedness now?



Word-by-word Meaning

pallavi
eduTa nilicitE nIdu sommulu-Emi pOvurA

If You appear (nilicitE) (literally stand) before me (eduTa), which of (Emi) Your (nIdu) property (sommulu) (sommulEmi) would be lost (pOvurA)?


anupallavi
nuduTi vrAta kAni maTTu mIranu
nA taramu telisi mOsa pOdunA (eduTa)

But for (kAni) what is pre-ordained (nuduTi vrAta) (literally writing on the fore-head), I shall not exceed (mIranu) my limits (maTTu); knowing (telisi) my (nA) ability (taramu), will I allow myself to be deceived (mOsa pOdunA)?
(OR)
But for (kAni) what is pre-ordained (nuduTi vrAta), is it in my (nA) capacity (taramA) to exceed (mIranu) my limits (maTTu)? will I allow myself to be deceived (mOsa pOdunA) knowingly (telisi)?
If You appear before me, which of Your property would be lost?


caraNam 1
sarAsariga jUturA nAdu-
avasarAla teliyumu varAlu-aDuga
jAlarA sakala dEva rAya manavi
vinarA-agha hara sundara-AkAra nA-(eduTa)

Is it proper to look at me (jUturA) equally (sarAsariga) (literally average) (with others)? Please understand (teliyumu) my (nAdu) exigencies (avasarAla) (nAduyavasarAla);
I won't (jAlarA) ask (aDuga) for boons (varAlu) (varAlaDuga), O Lord (rAya) of all (sakala) Gods (dEva)! Please listen (vinarA) to my appeal (manavi), O Lord who destroys (hara) sins (agha) (vinarAgha)!
O Lord of beautiful (sundara) form (AkAra) (sundarAkAra)! If You appear before me (nA) (nAyeduTa), which of Your property would be lost?


caraNam 2
vidEhajA ramaNa dEva brOvaganu-
idE samayamu-anya dEvatala
vEDadE manasu teliyadA-Emi rAghava
idi-ETi Sauryamu padE padE nA-(eduTa)

O Lord (dEva) who is Consort (ramaNa) of sItA – daughter of King of vidEha (vidEhajA)! This indeed (idE) is the opportune moment (samayamu) to protect (brOvaganu) (brOvaganidE) me;
my mind (manasu) shall not beseech (vEDadE) other (anya) (samayamanya) Gods (dEvatala); is it not (Emi) known (teliyadA) (teliyadEmi) to You, O Lord rAghava!
What kind (ETi) of valour (Sauryamu) is this (idi) (idETi)? If You appear before me (nA) (nAyeduTa) at every step (padE padE), which of Your property would be lost?


caraNam 3
tarAna dorakani parAku nA-eDanu
rAma jEsitE sura-asurulu
metturA-ipuDu-I harAmi tanamu-
ElarA bhakta tyAgarAja nuta nA-(eduTa)

O Lord rAma! If You show (jEsitE) such an unprecedented (tarAna dorakani) unconcern (parAku) towards me (nA eDanu) (nAyeDanu), would celestials (sura) and even demons (asurulu) (surAsurulu) appreciate (metturA)?
why (ElarA) this (I) wickedness (harAmi tanamu) (tanamElarA) now (ipuDu) (metturAyipuDuyI)? O Lord praised (nuta) by this devout (bhakta) tyAgarAja!
If You appear before me (nA) (nAyeduTa), which of Your property would be lost?


Notes –
Variations
2 – taramu – taramA : If 'taramA' is correct, anupallavi would be translated differently. Both versions are given.

3 – mOsa pOdunA – mOsamu pOdunA : ‘mOsa’ is the appropriate word and has been adopted accordingly.

Comments -
1 – sommulu Emi pOvurA – 'which of your property would be lost?' - this is more of an assertion that ‘none of Your property would be lost’.

4 – tarAna – this word seems to be declension of ‘taramu’. However, the form is not clear. In some books, this word has been translated as ‘precedent’. Though such a meaning fits in the context, no such meaning is found in the dictionary.

5 – metturA – this is how it is given in all the books and the meaning derived is (would they) 'approve', 'appreciate', 'applaud'. The corresponding telugu word for all the three words is 'meccu' and it would decline as 'meccudurA' in order to convey the said meaning. Therefore, it is not clear whether 'meccudurA' can be used as 'metturA'.

6 – harAmi – As per telugu dictionary, the meaning is ‘wicked’, ‘vicious’. However, this is a urdu word and, in North India, this word is considered an abuse. This word is derived from Arabic root word ‘harAm’ (English ‘harem’) and means ‘illegitimate child’.



Devanagari

ऎ,कॆ,चॆ.. - e,ke,ce..(short);
ए,के,चे.. - E,kE,cE..(long);
ऐ,कै,चै.. - ai,kai,cai..;
ऒ,कॊ,चॊ.. - o,ko,co..(short);
ओ,को,चो.. - O,kO,cO..(long);
औ,कौ,चौ.. -au,kau,cau..;

प. ऎदुट निलिचिते नीदु सॊम्मु(ले)मि पोवुरा

अ. नुदुटि व्रात कानि मट्टु मीरनु
ना तरमु तॆलिसि मोस पोदुना (ऎदुट)

च1. सरासरिग जूतुरा नादु-
(य)वसराल तॆलियुमु वरा(ल)डुग
जालरा सकल देव राय मनवि
विन(रा)घ हर सुन्द(रा)कार ना(यॆदुट)

च2. विदेहजा रमण देव ब्रोवग-
(नि)दे समय(म)न्य देवतल
वेडदे मनसु तॆलिय(दे)मि राघव
इ(दे)टि शौर्यमु पदे पदे ना(यॆदुट)

च3. तरान दॊरकनि पराकु ना-
(यॆ)डनु राम जेसिते सु(रा)सुरुलु
मॆत्तुरा(यि)पुडु(यी) हरामि तन-
(मे)लरा भक्त त्यागराज नुत ना(यॆदुट)


Tamil

க,ச,ட,த,ப - 2-ख छ ठ थ फ; 3-ग ड द ब; 4-घ झ ढ ध भ
(ச3 - ஜ)
ஸ1 श - शिव - சிவன்
ரு2 ऋ - कृप - கிருபை

ப. எது3ட நிலிசிதே நீது3 ஸொம்மு(லே)மி போவுரா

அ. நுது3டி வ்ராத கானி மட்டு மீரனு
நா தரமு தெலிஸி மோஸ போது3னா (எது3ட)

ச1. ஸராஸரிக3 ஜூதுரா நாது3-
(ய)வஸரால தெலியுமு வரா(ல)டு3க3
ஜாலரா ஸகல தே3வ ராய மனவி
வின(ரா)க4 ஹர ஸுந்த3(ரா)கார நா(யெது3ட)

ச2. விதே3ஹஜா ரமண தே3வ ப்3ரோவக3-
(னி)தே3 ஸமய(ம)ன்ய தே3வதல
வேட3தே3 மனஸு தெலிய(தே3)மி ராக4வ
இ(தே3)டி ஸௌ1ர்யமு பதே3 பதே3 நா(யெது3ட)

ச3. தரான தொ3ரகனி பராகு நா-
(யெ)ட3னு ராம ஜேஸிதே ஸு(ரா)ஸுருலு
மெத்துரா(யி)புடு3(யீ) ஹராமி தன-
(மே)லரா ப4க்த த்யாக3ராஜ நுத நா(யெது3ட)

எதிரில் நின்றால் உனது சொத்தென்ன போகுமய்யா?

நெற்றி எழுத்தேயன்றி, மட்டு மீரமாட்டேன்;
எனது தரம் தெரிந்தும், மோசம் போவேனோ?
(அல்லது) நெற்றி எழுத்தேயன்றி, மட்டு மீர
எனது தரமா? தெரிந்தும் மோசம் போவேனோ?
எதிரில் நின்றால் உனது சொத்தென்ன போகுமய்யா?

1. சராசரியாக நோக்குவரோ? எனது
அவசரங்களை தெரிந்துகொள்வாய்; வரங்கள் வேண்ட
இயலேனய்யா; அனைத்து தேவர்கள் தலைவா! வேண்டுகோளைக்
கேளுமய்யா, பாவங்களைக் களைவோனே! எழிலுருவத்தோனே!
எனது எதிரில் நின்றால் உனது சொத்தென்ன போகுமய்யா?

2. வைதேகி மணாளனே, தேவா! காப்பதற்கு
இதுவே சமயம்; பிற தெய்வங்களை
வேண்டாதே (எனது) மனது; தெரியாதா, என்ன, இராகவா?
இஃதென்ன சூரத்தனம்? ஒவ்வோரடியிலும்
எனது எதிரில் நின்றால் உனது சொத்தென்ன போகுமய்யா?

3. உவமை காணாத புறக்கணிப்பு, என்னிடம்,
இராமா, (நீ) செய்தால் வானோரும் அரக்கரும் (கூட)
மெச்சுவரோ? இவ்வமயம் இந்த துடுக்குத்தனம்
ஏனய்யா? தொண்டன் தியாகராசனால் போற்றப் பெற்றோனே!
எனது எதிரில் நின்றால் உனது சொத்தென்ன போகுமய்யா?


Telugu

ప. ఎదుట నిలిచితే నీదు సొమ్ములేమి పోవురా

అ. నుదుటి వ్రాత కాని మట్టు మీరను
నా తరము తెలిసి మోస పోదునా (ఎదుట)

చ1. సరాసరిగ జూతురా నాదు-
యవసరాల తెలియుము వరాలడుగ
జాలరా సకల దేవ రాయ మనవి
వినరాఘ హర సుందరాకార నా(యెదుట)

చ2. విదేహజా రమణ దేవ బ్రోవగ-
నిదే సమయమన్య దేవతల
వేడదే మనసు తెలియదేమి రాఘవ
ఇదేటి శౌర్యము పదే పదే నా(యెదుట)

చ3. తరాన దొరకని పరాకు నా-
యెడను రామ జేసితే సురాసురులు
మెత్తురాయిపుడుయీ హరామి తన-
మేలరా భక్త త్యాగరాజ నుత నా(యెదుట)


Kannada

ಪ. ಎದುಟ ನಿಲಿಚಿತೇ ನೀದು ಸೊಮ್ಮುಲೇಮಿ ಪೋವುರಾ

ಅ. ನುದುಟಿ ವ್ರಾತ ಕಾನಿ ಮಟ್ಟು ಮೀರನು
ನಾ ತರಮು ತೆಲಿಸಿ ಮೋಸ ಪೋದುನಾ (ಎದುಟ)

ಚ1. ಸರಾಸರಿಗ ಜೂತುರಾ ನಾದು-
ಯವಸರಾಲ ತೆಲಿಯುಮು ವರಾಲಡುಗ
ಜಾಲರಾ ಸಕಲ ದೇವ ರಾಯ ಮನವಿ
ವಿನರಾಘ ಹರ ಸುಂದರಾಕಾರ ನಾ(ಯೆದುಟ)

ಚ2. ವಿದೇಹಜಾ ರಮಣ ದೇವ ಬ್ರೋವಗ-
ನಿದೇ ಸಮಯಮನ್ಯ ದೇವತಲ
ವೇಡದೇ ಮನಸು ತೆಲಿಯದೇಮಿ ರಾಘವ
ಇದೇಟಿ ಶೌರ್ಯಮು ಪದೇ ಪದೇ ನಾ(ಯೆದುಟ)

ಚ3. ತರಾನ ದೊರಕನಿ ಪರಾಕು ನಾ-
ಯೆಡನು ರಾಮ ಜೇಸಿತೇ ಸುರಾಸುರುಲು
ಮೆತ್ತುರಾಯಿಪುಡುಯೀ ಹರಾಮಿ ತನ-
ಮೇಲರಾ ಭಕ್ತ ತ್ಯಾಗರಾಜ ನುತ ನಾ(ಯೆದುಟ)


Malayalam

പ. എദുട നിലിചിതേ നീദു സൊമ്മുലേമി പോവുരാ

അ. നുദുടി വ്രാത കാനി മട്ടു മീരനു
നാ തരമു തെലിസി മോസ പോദുനാ (എദുട)

ച1. സരാസരിഗ ജൂതുരാ നാദു-
യവസരാല തെലിയുമു വരാലഡുഗ
ജാലരാ സകല ദേവ രായ മനവി
വിനരാഘ ഹര സുന്ദരാകാര നാ(യെദുട)

ച2. വിദേഹജാ രമണ ദേവ ബ്രോവഗ-
നിദേ സമയമന്യ ദേവതല
വേഡദേ മനസു തെലിയദേമി രാഘവ
ഇദേടി ശൌര്യമു പദേ പദേ നാ(യെദുട)

ച3. തരാന ദൊരകനി പരാകു നാ-
യെഡനു രാമ ജേസിതേ സുരാസുരുലു
മെത്തുരായിപുഡുയീ ഹരാമി തന-
മേലരാ ഭക്ത ത്യാഗരാജ നുത നാ(യെദുട)


Updated on 28 Aug 2009

5 comments:

S.Govindaswamy said...

Dear Sri Govindan

AP- Can nudiTi vrAta kAni be taken as a separate sentence ,meaning ‘Let this (anything) be the writing on my forehead’?

C3- metturA – I think that this is colloquial form of meccuturA
Regards
Govindaswamy

V Govindan said...

Dear Sri Govindaswamy,
Re : nuduTi vrAta - please tanslate the whole anupallavi with your version. Let us see if it fits. I have checked the books. I have gone by the traditional meaning - as given in the books.

Re :metturA - I am clueless whether 'metturA' is the colloquial version of 'meccudurA'.

Regards,
V Govindan

S.Govindaswamy said...

Dear Sri Govindan
AP – I was wondering if the meaning can be taken a below.

“(Let this disappointment of Your not manifesting in front of me) be my fate. (nuduTi vrAta kAni). (In spite of it) I shall not exceed my limits.”

Regards
Govindaswamy

V Govindan said...

Dear Sri Govindaswamy,
"disappointment of Your not manifesting in front of me" is only a surmise. May be what you say is right - probaly that is what Sri Tyagaraja intends. But, there is no direct reference to it.
You seem to have translated 'kAni' as 'in spite of it'.
Let your clarification remain for the benefit of viewers.

Regards,
V Govindan

S.Govindaswamy said...

Dear Sri Govindan
What I intended to convey was “ whether ‘kAni’ can be taken tomean “இது என் தலையெழுத்தாகட்டும்”.In that case it becomes a complete statement by itself. “In spite of it I will not exceed my limits” is the next sentence
Regards
Govindaswamy