Monday, November 24, 2008

Thyagaraja Kriti - Raju Vedale - Raga Todi

Transliteration–Telugu
Transliteration as per Modified Harvard-Kyoto (HK) Convention
(including Telugu letters – Short e, Short o) -

a A i I u U
R RR lR lRR
e E ai o O au M (H or :)

(e – short E – Long o – short O – Long)

k kh g gh n/G
c ch j jh n/J (jn – as in jnAna)
T Th D Dh N
t th d dh n
p ph b bh m
y r l L v
S sh s h

rAju veDale-tODi

In the kRti ‘rAju veDale jUtAmu’ – rAga tODi (tALa rUpakaM), SrI tyAgarAja sings praises of Lord of SrI rangam as He goes on procession in the streets of SrI rangam on the Horse vAhna.

pallavi
rAju veDale jUtAmu 1rArE 2kastUri ranga (rAju)


anupallavi
3tEjin(e)kki samasta rAjul(U)Digamu sEya
tEjarillu 4nava ratnapu divya bhUshaNamul(i)Di ranga (rAju)


caraNam
kAvErI tIramunanu pAvanamagu 5ranga purini
SrI velayu 6citra vIdhilO vEDkaga rAka
sEvanu kani surulu virulacE prEmanu pUjincaga
7bhAvinci tyAgarAju pADaga vaibhOga ranga (rAju)


Gist

  • Come, let us behold!
  • Lord ranga nAtha is going on procession.

    • Adorned with radiant, divine ornaments studded with precious stones,
    • riding on horse (carriage),
    • as all the kings perform service,

  • Lord ranga nAtha is going on procession.

    • On the bank of river kAvErI, in the holy town of SrI rangam, along the prosperous and decorated main streets,
    • as the Lord comes to a grand spectacle,
    • as celestials, beholding the service, worship Him lovingly with flowers,
    • as this tyAgarAja sings sentimentally,

  • the grand Lord ranga nAtha is going on procession.


  • Come, let us behold!



Word-by-word Meaning

pallavi
rAju veDale jUtAmu rArE kastUri ranga (rAju)

Lord (rAju) ranga nAtha (kastUri ranga) is going on procession (veDale); come (rArE), let us behold (jUtAmu)!


anupallavi
tEjini-ekki samasta rAjulu-UDigamu sEya
tEjarillu nava ratnapu divya bhUshaNamulu-iDi ranga (rAju)

Adorned (iDi) with radiant (tEjarillu) divine (divya) ornaments (bhUshaNamulu) (bhUshaNamuliDi) studded with precious stones (nava ratnapu),
riding (ekki) on horse (carriage) (tEjini) (tEjinekki), as all (samasta) the kings (rAjulu) perform (sEya) service (UDigamu) (rAjulUDigamu),
Lord ranga nAtha (ranga) is going on procession; come, let us behold!


caraNam
kAvErI tIramunanu pAvanamagu ranga purini
SrI velayu citra vIdhilO vEDkaga rAka
sEvanu kani surulu virulacE prEmanu pUjincaga
bhAvinci tyAgarAju pADaga vaibhOga ranga (rAju)

On the bank (tIramunanu) of river kAvErI, in the holy (pAvanamagu) town of SrI rangam (ranga purini), along the prosperous (SrI velayu) and decorated main (citra) streets (vIdhilO), as the Lord comes (rAka) to a grand spectacle (vEDkaga),
as the celestials (surulu), beholding (kani) the service (sEvanu), worship (pUjincaga) Him lovingly (prEmanu) with flowers (virulacE),
as this tyAgarAja sings (pADaga) sentimentally (bhAvinci),
the grand (vaibhOga) Lord ranga nAtha (ranga) is going on procession; come, let us behold!


Notes –
Variations
7 – bhAvinci – bhAvincu. In the present context, ‘bhAvinci’ seems to be appropriate.

References
2 - kastUri ranga – The Lord is called 'kastUri ranga' because of the fragrance of kastUri emanating from His clothes. According to the story as reported in the following website, the utsava mUrti of SrI rangaM, buried for over 50 years during the period of Moghul kings, was found and identified by the fragrance of kastUri.

4 - nava ratna – pearl (mauktika), ruby (mANikya), topaz (pushparAga), diamond (vajra), emerald (marakata), lapis lazuli, coral (pavazhaM) , sapphire (indra nIla), gOmEda (hessonite), cat’s eye gem (vaiDUrya).

5 – ranga puri – Please refer to sthala purANa of Sri Rangam and a brief reference thereof to SrI tyAgarAja.


5 - citra vIdhi – In tamizh, the four main arterial streets surrounding a temple where the Lord is taken on procession, are called ‘cittirai vIdi’. Please refer to layout of the SrI rangam town (Find – ‘chittirai’)

Comments -
1 – rArE – This kRti is in ‘nAyaki bhAva’. This word is in feminine form – girls calling one another. Please also refer to other kRtis on Lord ranga nAtha wherein SrI tyAgarAja has adopted similar bhAva.

2 - kastUri – musk – also a medicinal plant. However, it means ‘musk’ here because in the present context it refers to ‘fragrance’.

3 - tEji – horse of superior breed – here it refers to Horse vAhana.


Devanagari

ऎ,कॆ,चॆ.. - e,ke,ce..(short);
ए,के,चे.. - E,kE,cE..(long);
ऐ,कै,चै.. - ai,kai,cai..;
ऒ,कॊ,चॊ.. - o,ko,co..(short);
ओ,को,चो.. - O,kO,cO..(long);
औ,कौ,चौ.. -au,kau,cau..;

प. राजु वॆडलॆ जूतामु रारे कस्तूरि रंग (रा)

अ. तेजि(नॆ)क्कि समस्त राजु(लू)डिगमु सेय
तेजरिल्लु नव रत्नपु दिव्य भूषणमु(लि)डि रंग (रा)

च. कावेरी तीरमुननु पावनमगु रंग पुरिनि
श्री वॆलयु चित्र वीधिलो वेड्कग राक
सेवनु कनि सुरुलु विरुलचे प्रेमनु पूजिञ्चग
भाविञ्चि त्यागराजु पाडग वैभोग रंग (रा)


Tamil


க,ச,ட,த,ப - 2-ख छ ठ थ फ; 3-ग ड द ब; 4-घ झ ढ ध भ
(ச3 - ஜ)
ஸ1 श - शिव - சிவன்
ரு2 ऋ - कृप - கிருபை

ப. ராஜு வெட3லெ ஜூதாமு ராரே கஸ்தூரி ரங்க3 (ரா)

அ. தேஜி(னெ)க்கி ஸமஸ்த ராஜு(லூ)டி3க3மு ஸேய
தேஜரில்லு நவ ரத்னபு தி3வ்ய பூ4ஷணமு(லி)டி3 ரங்க3 (ரா)

ச. காவேரீ தீரமுனனு பாவனமகு3 ரங்க3 புரினி
ஸ்ரீ வெலயு சித்ர வீதி4லோ வேட்3கக3 ராக
ஸேவனு கனி ஸுருலு விருலசே ப்ரேமனு பூஜிஞ்சக3
பா4விஞ்சி த்யாக3ராஜு பாட3க3 வைபோ4க3 ரங்க3 (ரா)

கஸ்தூரிரங்க மன்னன் எழுந்தருளினன், காண்போம், வாருங்களடி!

குதிரை மீதேறி, அனைத்து அரசர்களும் ஊழியம் செய்ய,
ஒளிரும் நவரத்தின, தெய்வீக அணிகலன்கள் அணிந்து
அரங்க மன்னன் எழுந்தருளினன், காண்போம், வாருங்களடி!

காவேரிக் கரையினில், புனிதமான அரங்க மாநகரினில்,
திரு விளங்கும் சித்திரை வீதிகளில், வேடிக்கையாக வந்தருள,
சேவையினைக் கண்டு, வானோர், மலர்களால், காதலுடன் தொழ,
உள்ளுணர்ந்து தியாகராசன் பாட, வைபோக
அரங்க மன்னன் எழுந்தருளினன், காண்போம், வாருங்களடி!

வைபோகம் - பெரும் சிறப்பு, கொண்டாட்டம்


Telugu

ప. రాజు వెడలె జూతాము రారే కస్తూరి రంగ (రా)

అ. తేజినెక్కి సమస్త రాజులూడిగము సేయ
తేజరిల్లు నవ రత్నపు దివ్య భూషణములిడి రంగ (రా)

చ. కావేరీ తీరమునను పావనమగు రంగ పురిని
శ్రీ వెలయు చిత్ర వీధిలో వేడ్కగ రాక
సేవను కని సురులు విరులచే ప్రేమను పూజించగ
భావించి త్యాగరాజు పాడగ వైభోగ రంగ (రా)


Kannada

ಪ. ರಾಜು ವೆಡಲೆ ಜೂತಾಮು ರಾರೇ ಕಸ್ತೂರಿ ರಂಗ (ರಾ)

ಅ. ತೇಜಿನೆಕ್ಕಿ ಸಮಸ್ತ ರಾಜುಲೂಡಿಗಮು ಸೇಯ
ತೇಜರಿಲ್ಲು ನವ ರತ್ನಪು ದಿವ್ಯ ಭೂಷಣಮುಲಿಡಿ ರಂಗ (ರಾ)

ಚ. ಕಾವೇರೀ ತೀರಮುನನು ಪಾವನಮಗು ರಂಗ ಪುರಿನಿ
ಶ್ರೀ ವೆಲಯು ಚಿತ್ರ ವೀಧಿಲೋ ವೇಡ್ಕಗ ರಾಕ
ಸೇವನು ಕನಿ ಸುರುಲು ವಿರುಲಚೇ ಪ್ರೇಮನು ಪೂಜಿಂಚಗ
ಭಾವಿಂಚಿ ತ್ಯಾಗರಾಜು ಪಾಡಗ ವೈಭೋಗ ರಂಗ (ರಾ)


Malayalam


പ. രാജു വെഡലെ ജൂതാമു രാരേ കസ്തൂരി രങ്ഗ (രാ)

അ. തേജിനെക്കി സമസ്ത രാജുലൂഡിഗമു സേയ
തേജരില്ലു നവ രത്നപു ദിവ്യ ഭൂഷണമുലിഡി രങ്ഗ (രാ)

ച. കാവേരീ തീരമുനനു പാവനമഗു രങ്ഗ പുരിനി
ശ്രീ വെലയു ചിത്ര വീധിലോ വേഡ്കഗ രാക
സേവനു കനി സുരുലു വിരുലചേ പ്രേമനു പൂജിഞ്ചഗ
ഭാവിഞ്ചി ത്യാഗരാജു പാഡഗ വൈഭോഗ രങ്ഗ (രാ)


Updated on 18 Sep 2010

3 comments:

Anonymous said...

Raju vedale is one of the 5 'SriRangam pancharatna' krithis, the others being 'O Rangasayi' (Kambodi), 'Juthamu rare' (Arabhi), 'Vina Radaa' (Devagandhari), 'Karuna jooda' (Saranga). Did the bard visit Srirangam on the way to Lalgudi (at the invitation of his disciple Rama Iyer) where also he is said to have composed 5 krithis?

Dr. G Rajgopal Rao said...

I have in some book, which I am not able to recollect, Raju Vedale Kriti is in the raaga DESYS-TODI and not TODI ? What differences do exist between the above referred two ragas ? Please clarify and intimate.

V Govindan said...

Dr Rao,
I am not musically qualified to answer your query. Please post your query in www.rasikas.org
You will get response
V Govindan