Sunday, May 11, 2008

Thyagaraja Kriti - Rama Neepai Tanaku - Raga Kedaram

Transliteration–Telugu
Transliteration as per Modified Harvard-Kyoto (HK) Convention
(including Telugu letters – Short e, Short o) -

a A i I u U
R RR lR lRR
e E ai o O au M (H or :)

(e – short E – Long o – short O – Long)

k kh g gh n/G
c ch j jh n/J (jn – as in jnAna)
T Th D Dh N
t th d dh n
p ph b bh m
y r l L v
S sh s h

rAma nIpai tanaku-kEdAraM

In the kRti ‘rAma nIpai tanaku prEma’ – rAga kEdAraM (tALa Adi), SrI tyAgarAja states that his love towards the Lord will never wane.

pallavi
rAma nIpai tanaku prEma pOdu sItA (rAma)


anupallavi
tAmarasa nayana nId(E)mO mAya kAni (rAma)


caraNam 1
1manasu nI padamulanE jEra
kanulu nI rUpamunE kOra
2vinu nI pErulakE nOr(U)ra
3tanapai idi nI 4karuNErA (rAma)


caraNam 2
janani janak(A)ptul(a)nyulu
dhana kanaka guru vElpulu
dinamu 5nIvE(y)ani mATalu
6anagha ivi nA bhUshaNamulu (rAma)


caraNam 3
bhOg(A)nubhavamul(a)ndu
bAguga buddhi nI(y)andu
tyAgarAjuni hRdayam(a)ndu
7vAg-IS(A)nandam(a)ndu (rAma)


Gist

O Lord sItA rAma! O Lotus Eyed! O Sinless One!
  • Please listen.
  • My Love towards You shall never wane.
  • It is rather some sort of Your magic spell (on me).

    • For my mind to reach only Your feet,
    • my eyes to long only for Your form,
    • my tongue to thirst only for chanting Your names -

  • these are nothing but Your grace towards me.

    • Utterances that You alone are always my mother, father, friends and relatives, others, wealth, gold, preceptor and Deities -

  • these are indeed my ornaments.

    • Even amidst experiences of worldly enjoyments, my intellect nicely dwells in You.

  • Indeed, Bliss supreme is experienced in the heart of this tyAgarAja.



Word-by-word Meaning

pallavi
rAma nIpai tanaku prEma pOdu sItA (rAma)

O Lord sItA rAma! My (tanaku) (literally for me) Love (prEma) towards You (nIpai) shall never wane (pOdu) (literally leave) .


anupallavi
tAmarasa nayana nIdu-EmO mAya kAni (rAma)

O Lotus (tAmarasa) Eyed (nayana)! It is rather (kAni) some sort of (EmO) Your (nIdu) (nIdEmO) magic spell (mAya) (on me).
O Lord sItA rAma! My love towards you shall never wane.


caraNam 1
manasu nI padamulanE jEra
kanulu nI rUpamunE kOra
vinu nI pErulakE nOru-Ura
tanapai idi nI karuNErA (rAma)

Please listen (vinu);
for my mind (manasu) to reach (jEra) only Your (nI) feet (padamulanE),
my eyes (kanulu) to long only for (kOra) Your (nI) form (rUpamunE),
my tongue (nOru) to thirst (Ura) only for chanting Your (nI) names (pErulakE) -
these (idi) are nothing but Your (nI) grace (karuNErA) towards me (tanapai);
O Lord sItA rAma! my love towards you shall never wane.


caraNam 2
janani janaka-Aptulu-anyulu
dhana kanaka guru vElpulu
dinamu nIvE-ani mATalu
anagha ivi nA bhUshaNamulu (rAma)

Utterances (mATalu) that (ani) You alone (nIvE) (nIvEyani) are always (dinamu) my mother (janani), father (janaka), friends and relatives (Aptulu), others (anyulu) (janakAptulanyulu), wealth (dhana), gold (kanaka), preceptor (guru) and Deities (vElpulu) -
O Sinless One (anagha)! these (ivi) are indeed my (nA) ornaments (bhUshaNamulu);
O Lord sItA rAma! My love towards you shall never wane.


caraNam 3
bhOga-anubhavamulandu
bAguga buddhi nIyandu
tyAgarAjuni hRdayamandu
vAg-ISa-Anandamu-andu (rAma)

Even amidst (andu) experiences (anubhavamulu) of worldly enjoyments (bhOga) (bhOgAnubhavamulandu), my intellect (buddhi) nicely (bAguga) dwells in (andu) You (nI) (nIyandu);
Indeed, Bliss (Anandamu) Supreme (bramhA) - the Lord (ISa) of Speech (vAk) (vAgISa) is experienced (andu) (literally attained) (vAgISAnandamandu) (literally reached) in (andu) the heart (hRdayamu) (hRdayamandu) of this tyAgarAja (tyAgarAjuni);
O Lord sItA rAma! My love towards you shall never wane.


Notes –
Variations
2 – vinu – vInula : In my pinion, the word ‘vInula’ seems to stand alone and the meaning is not complete. Therefore, ‘vInula’ may not be correct.

3 – tanapai – tanavai : In my opinion, ‘tanavai’ may not be correct as it does not convey any meaning.

4 – karuNErA – karuNarA : In ‘karuNErA’, ‘E’ indicates emphasis, ‘nothing but Your grace’. Therefore, ‘karuNErA’ may be correct.

5 – nIvEyani – nIvEyanu.

6 – anagha – anaga : In my opinion, the word ‘anaga’ does not fit in the context. Therefore ‘anagha’ seems to be correct.

References
1 – manasu – kanulu – nOru – In this regard, the following verse from ‘SivAnanda lahari’ of Adi SankarAcArya is relevant –

pApOtpAta vimOcanAya ruciraiSvaryAya mRtyunjaya
stOtra dhyAna nati pradakshiNa saparyAlOkanAkarNanE
jihvA-citta-SirOnghri-hasta-nayana-SrOtrair-ahaM prArthitO
mAm-AjnApaya tan-nirUpaya muhur-mAm-Eva mA mE(a)vacaH 41

“O destroyer of death! For the destruction of sin and for the attainment of great prosperity (ie., liberation), I am requested by the tongue to sing Thy praise, by the mind to contemplate on Thee, by the head to prostrate to Thee, by the legs to circumambulate Thee, by the hands to worship Thee, by the eyes to see Thee and by the ears to hear Thy stories. Direct me to these endeavours, and remind of them. May I not become speechless (nor lose the powers of any of the organs mentioned above, so that I may practice devotion to Thee without impediment).” (Translation by Swami Tapasyananda)

Comments -
7 - vAgISAnandamu – vAgISa - brahmA; therefore brahmAnanda – Bliss Supreme – has been rendered as vAgISAnandamu.



Devanagari

ऎ,कॆ,चॆ.. - e,ke,ce..(short);
ए,के,चे.. - E,kE,cE..(long);
ऐ,कै,चै.. - ai,kai,cai..;
ऒ,कॊ,चॊ.. - o,ko,co..(short);
ओ,को,चो.. - O,kO,cO..(long);
औ,कौ,चौ.. -au,kau,cau..;

प. राम नीपै तनकु प्रेम पोदु सीता (राम)

अ. तामरस नयन नी(दे)मो माय कानि (राम)

च1. मनसु नी पदमुलने जेर
कनुलु नी रूपमुने कोर
विनु नी पेरुलके नो(रू)र
तनपै इदि नी करुणेरा (राम)

च2. जननी जन(का)प्तु(ल)न्युलु
धन कनक गुरु वेल्पुलु
दिनमु नीवे(य)नि माटलु
अनघ इवि ना भूषणमुलु (राम)

च3. भो(गा)नुभवमु(ल)न्दु
बागुग बुद्धि नी(य)न्दु
त्यागराजुनि हृदय(म)न्दु
वा(गी)(शा)नन्द(म)न्दु (राम)


Tamil

க,ச,ட,த,ப - 2-ख छ ठ थ फ; 3-ग ड द ब; 4-घ झ ढ ध भ
(ச3 - ஜ)
ஸ1 श - शिव - சிவன்
ரு2 ऋ - कृप - கிருபை

ப. ராம நீபை தனகு ப்ரேம போது3 ஸீதா (ராம)

அ. தாமரஸ நயன நீ(தே3)மோ மாய கானி (ராம)

ச1. மனஸு நீ பத3முலனே ஜேர
கனுலு நீ ரூபமுனே கோர
வினு நீ பேருலகே நோ(ரூ)ர
தனபை இதி3 நீ கருணேரா (ராம)

ச2. ஜனனீ ஜன(கா)ப்து(ல)ன்யுலு
த4ன கனக கு3ரு வேல்புலு
தி3னமு நீவே(ய)னி மாடலு
அனக4 இவி நா பூ4ஷணமுலு (ராம)

ச3. போ4(கா3)னுப4வமு(ல)ந்து3
பா3கு3க3 பு3த்3தி4 நீ(ய)ந்து3
த்யாக3ராஜுனி ஹ்ரு2த3ய(ம)ந்து3
வா(கீ)3(ஸா1)னந்த3(ம)ந்து3 (ராம)

இராமா! உன்மீது தனக்கு காதல் அகலாது, சீதாராமா!

கமலக்கண்ணா! உனது ஏதோ மாயையே யன்றோ;
இராமா! உன்மீது தனக்கு காதல் அகலாது, சீதாராமா!

1. மனது உனது திருவடிகளையே நாட,
கண்கள் உனதுருவத்தினையே விழைய,
உனது பெயர்களுக்கே நாவூர,
கேளுமய்யா, என்மீது இஃதுனது கருணையே அய்யா!
இராமா! உன்மீது தனக்கு காதல் அகலாது, சீதாராமா!

2. தாய், தந்தை, உற்றார் உறவினர், மற்றோர்,
செல்வம், பொன், குரு, தெய்வம் (ஆகியவை)
என்றும் நீயேயெனும் சொற்கள் -
பாவமற்றோனே! இவையேயெனது அணிகலன்களாகும்;
இராமா! உன்மீது தனக்கு காதல் அகலாது, சீதாராமா!

3. உலக இன்பங்களைத் துய்க்கும்போதும்,
நன்கு (எனது) அறிவு உன்னிடமே;
தியாகராசனின் இதயத்தினில்
பேரானந்தம் எய்தும்;
இராமா! உன்மீது தனக்கு காதல் அகலாது, சீதாராமா!

உனது ஏதோ மாயையே யன்றோ - காதல் இறைவனின் மாயையினால் விளைந்தது என
பெயர்களுக்கே - பெயர்களை பஜிக்க


Telugu

ప. రామ నీపై తనకు ప్రేమ పోదు సీతా (రామ)

అ. తామరస నయన నీదేమో మాయ కాని (రామ)

చ1. మనసు నీ పదములనే జేర
కనులు నీ రూపమునే కోర
విను నీ పేరులకే నోరూర
తనపై ఇది నీ కరుణేరా (రామ)

చ2. జననీ జనకాప్తులన్యులు
ధన కనక గురు వేల్పులు
దినము నీవేయని మాటలు
అనఘ ఇవి నా భూషణములు (రామ)
చ3. భోగానుభవములందు
బాగుగ బుద్ధి నీయందు
త్యాగరాజుని హృదయమందు
వాగీశానందమందు (రామ)


Kannada

ಪ. ರಾಮ ನೀಪೈ ತನಕು ಪ್ರೇಮ ಪೋದು ಸೀತಾ (ರಾಮ)

ಅ. ತಾಮರಸ ನಯನ ನೀದೇಮೋ ಮಾಯ ಕಾನಿ (ರಾಮ)

ಚ1. ಮನಸು ನೀ ಪದಮುಲನೇ ಜೇರ
ಕನುಲು ನೀ ರೂಪಮುನೇ ಕೋರ
ವಿನು ನೀ ಪೇರುಲಕೇ ನೋರೂರ
ತನಪೈ ಇದಿ ನೀ ಕರುಣೇರಾ (ರಾಮ)

ಚ2. ಜನನೀ ಜನಕಾಪ್ತುಲನ್ಯುಲು
ಧನ ಕನಕ ಗುರು ವೇಲ್ಪುಲು
ದಿನಮು ನೀವೇಯನಿ ಮಾಟಲು
ಅನಘ ಇವಿ ನಾ ಭೂಷಣಮುಲು (ರಾಮ)

ಚ3. ಭೋಗಾನುಭವಮುಲಂದು
ಬಾಗುಗ ಬುದ್ಧಿ ನೀಯಂದು
ತ್ಯಾಗರಾಜುನಿ ಹೃದಯಮಂದು
ವಾಗೀಶಾನಂದಮಂದು (ರಾಮ)


Malayalam

പ. രാമ നീപൈ തനകു പ്രേമ പോദു സീതാ (രാമ)

അ. താമരസ നയന നീദേമോ മായ കാനി (രാമ)

ച1. മനസു നീ പദമുലനേ ജേര
കനുലു നീ രൂപമുനേ കോര
വിനു നീ പേരുലകേ നോരൂര
തനപൈ ഇദി നീ കരുണേരാ (രാമ)

ച2. ജനനീ ജനകാപ്തുലന്യുലു
ധന കനക ഗുരു വേല്പുലു
ദിനമു നീവേയനി മാടലു
അനഘ ഇവി നാ ഭൂഷണമുലു (രാമ)

ച3. ഭോഗാനുഭവമുലന്ദു
ബാഗുഗ ബുദ്ധി നീയന്ദു
ത്യാഗരാജുനി ഹൃദയമന്ദു
വാഗീശാനന്ദമന്ദു (രാമ)


Updated on 01 Dec 2009

2 comments:

S.Govindaswamy said...

Dear Sri Govindan

C1- vinu – vInula- You have taken this word seaprately to mean “ Please listen!” . Can this be taken as “Your names which are heard” and my tongue is thirsting to utter these?

C2 - nIvEyani – nIvEyanu –I feel that nIvEyanu (நீயேயெனும் ) is correct? If we take ‘ani’ and ‘anaga’ these also make sense as , நீயேயென்று (வார்த்தைகள்) கூற.
Regards
Govindaswamy

V Govindan said...

Dear Sri Govindaswamy,
Re : vinu : If it is 'vini', then what you say would be correct. But there are only two versions - vinu - vInula. In both these cases, such a meaning is not possible.

Re : nIvEyani - Though 'nIvEyanu' is a better word, I could not adopt the word because 'nIvEyani' is given in two books and the word (nIvEyani) is not incorrect either.

Regards,
V Govindan