Wednesday, September 05, 2007

Thyagaraja Kriti - Laavanya Rama - Raga Poorna Shadjam - Raga Rudra Priya

Transliteration–Telugu _______________________________________________________
Transliteration as per Modified Harvard-Kyoto (HK) Convention
(including Telugu letters – Short e, Short o) -

a A i I u U
R RR lR lRR
e E ai o O au M (H or :)

(e – short E – Long o – short O – Long)

k kh g gh n/G
c ch j jh n/J (jn – as in jnAna)
T Th D Dh N
t th d dh n
p ph b bh m
y r l L v
S sh s h

lAvaNya rAma-pUrNashaDjaM

In the kRti ‘lAvaNya rAma’ – rAga pURNashaDjaM, SrI tyAgarAja praises the qualities of SrI rAma.

P lAvaNya rAma 1kanulAra jUDavE ati (lAvaNya)

A 2SrI vanitA citta kumuda
SIta kara Sat(A)nanyaja3 (lAvaNya)

C nI manasu nI sogasu
nI 4dinusu vErE
5tAmasa mata daivam(E)la
tyAgarAja nuta divya (lAvaNya)

Gist
O Exceedingly charming rAma! O Moon who blossoms the lily of the mind of Your wife lakshmI (or sItA)! O Lord who is as charming as a hundred cupids! O Lord praised by this tyAgarAja! O divinely charming rAma!
Your mind, Your elegance and Your style are totally different.
Why should I seek the grace of Gods of sects given to tAmasa worship?
Please look at me gracefully.

Word-by-word Meaning

P O Exceedingly (ati) charming (lAvaNya) rAma! Please look at me (jUDavE) gracefully (kanulAra) (literally clearly).

A O Moon – the cooler (SIta kara) (who blossoms) the lily (kumuda) of the mind (citta) of Your wife (vanitA) lakshmI (or sItA) (SrI)!
O Lord who is as charming as a hundred (Sata) cupids – unique born (ananyaja) (SatAnanyaja)! Please look at me gracefully.

C Your (nI) mind (manasu), Your (nI) elegance (sogasu) and Your (nI) style (dinusu) (literally manner, kind) are totally different (vErE);
why (Ela) should I seek the grace of Gods (daivamu) (daivamEla) of sects (mata) given to tAmasa worship? O Lord praised (nuta) by this tyAgarAja!
O divinely (divya) charming rAma! Please look at me gracefully.

Notes –
Variations –
In some books the rAga name is given as 'rudra priya'.

References –
3 – ananyaja – Please visit the website to know more about cupid – ‘unique born’

Comments –
1 – kanulAra – If this statement is from a devotee, it would be translated as ‘to the satisfaction of eyes’; here it refers to the Lord. Therefore, it has been translated as ‘gracefully’.

2 – SrI vanitA – In some books, this has been translated as 'lakshmI' and in some other books as 'sItA'. Both may be correct.

4 – dinusu – this word seems to have been derived from Arabic.

5 – tAmasa mata – Generally this refers to ‘worship of Siva’ and kaula mArga of Sakti worship.


Devanagari

ऎ,कॆ,चॆ.. - e,ke,ce..(short);
ए,के,चे.. - E,kE,cE..(long);
ऐ,कै,चै.. - ai,kai,cai..;
ऒ,कॊ,चॊ.. - o,ko,co..(short);
ओ,को,चो.. - O,kO,cO..(long);
औ,कौ,चौ.. -au,kau,cau..;

प. लावण्य राम कनुलार जूडवे अति (ला)

अ. श्री वनिता चित्त कुमुद
शीत-कर श(ता)नन्यज (ला)

च. नी मनसु नी सॊगसु नी दिनुसु वेरे
तामस मत दैव(मे)ल त्यागराज नुत दिव्य (ला)

Tamil

க,ச,ட,த,ப - 2-ख छ ठ थ फ; 3-ग ड द ब; 4-घ झ ढ ध भ
(ச3 - ஜ)
ஸ1 श - शिव - சிவன்
ரு2 ऋ - कृप - கிருபை

ப. லாவண்ய ராம கனுலார ஜூட3வே அதி (லா)

அ. ஸ்ரீ வனிதா சித்த குமுத3
ஸீ1த-கர ஸ1(தா)னன்யஜ (லா)

ச. நீ மனஸு நீ ஸொக3ஸு நீ தி3னுஸு வேரே
தாமஸ மத தை3வ(மே)ல த்யாக3ராஜ நுத தி3வ்ய (லா)

மிக்கு எழிலுடை இராமா! கண்ணார நோக்குவாய்

மனைவி இலக்குமி (அல்லது சீதை) உள்ளக் குமுதத்தின்
மதியே! நூறு மதனர்களின்
எழிலுடை இராமா! கண்ணார நோக்குவாய்

உனது மனது, உனது சொகுசு, உனது தினுசு வேறாகும்;
தாமத மத தெய்வங்களேன், தியாகராசனால் போற்றப் பெற்றோனே?
தெய்வீக எழிலுடை இராமா! கண்ணார நோக்குவாய்

தாமத மதம் - வாம, கௌல மார்க்கங்களைக் குறிக்கும்.
சிவ வழிபாட்டினையும் தாமத மதமென வைணவர்கள் கூறுவர்.

Telugu

ప. లావణ్య రామ కనులార జూడవే అతి (లా)

అ. శ్రీ వనితా చిత్త కుముద
శీత-కర శతానన్యజ (లా)

చ. నీ మనసు నీ సొగసు నీ దినుసు వేరే
తామస మత దైవమేల త్యాగరాజ నుత దివ్య (లా)

Kannada

ಪ. ಲಾವಣ್ಯ ರಾಮ ಕನುಲಾರ ಜೂಡವೇ ಅತಿ (ಲಾ)

ಅ. ಶ್ರೀ ವನಿತಾ ಚಿತ್ತ ಕುಮುದ
ಶೀತ-ಕರ ಶತಾನನ್ಯಜ (ಲಾ)

ಚ. ನೀ ಮನಸು ನೀ ಸೊಗಸು ನೀ ದಿನುಸು ವೇರೇ
ತಾಮಸ ಮತ ದೈವಮೇಲ ತ್ಯಾಗರಾಜ ನುತ ದಿವ್ಯ (ಲಾ)

Malayalam

പ. ലാവണ്യ രാമ കനുലാര ജൂഡവേ അതി (ലാ)

അ. ശ്രീ വനിതാ ചിത്ത കുമുദ
ശീത-കര ശതാനന്യജ (ലാ)

ച. നീ മനസു നീ സൊഗസു നീ ദിനുസു വേരേ
താമസ മത ദൈവമേല ത്യാഗരാജ നുത ദിവ്യ (ലാ)

Updated on 04 Feb 2009

6 comments:

Govindaswamy said...

Dear Sri Govindan
In caraNam  for the word ‘vErE, you have given the meaning as வேறாகும்/ different.   The meaning given by  Sri Kalluri Satya Rama Prasad is ‘Your mind, charm and style are unique’.  This appears to be more approipriate.
Regards
Govindaswamy

V Govindan said...

Dear Sri Govindaswamy,

The English meaning of 'vErE' - 'totally different' and Tamil meaning 'வேறாகும்' do amount to mean 'not ordinary' ie., 'unique'.

Regards,
V Govindan

Anonymous said...

please let me know the date and year in which the song written and composed

V Govindan said...

There is no authoritative source which gives chronology of compositions. Therefore, I am unable to answer your query.
Regards,
V Govindan

Rajgopal Rao G said...

Are Poorna Shadjamam and Rudra priya same or different ?

V Govindan said...

Sri Rajagopal Rao,
I am not musically qualified to answer your query. Please post your query in http://www.rasikas.org
You will get an answer there.
V Govindan