Friday, July 06, 2007

Thyagaraja Kriti - Mitri Bhaagyamae - Raga Kharahara Priya

Transliteration–Telugu _______________________________________________________
Transliteration as per Modified Harvard-Kyoto (HK) Convention
(including Telugu letters – Short e, Short o) -

a A i I u U
R RR lR lRR
e E ai o O au M (H or :)

(e – short E – Long o – short O – Long)

k kh g gh n/G
c ch j jh n/J (jn – as in jnAna)
T Th D Dh N
t th d dh n
p ph b bh m
y r l L v
S sh s h

mitri bhAgyamE-kharaharapriya

In the kRti ‘mitri bhAgyamE’ – rAga karaharapriya, SrI tyAgarAja describes lakshmaNa’s delight.

P 1mitri bhAgyamE bhAgyamu manasA 2sau(mitri)

A citra ratna-maya 3SEsha talpam(a)ndu
sItA patini 4unici(y)Ucu sau(mitri)

C bAguga vinta rAgamulan(A)lApamu
sEyaga mEnu pulakarincaga
tyAgarAja nutuDagu SrI 5rAmuni
tatv(A)rthamunu pogaDi jucu sau(mitri)

Gist
O My Mind!
The fortune of lakshmaNa is indeed the real fortune.
He has the privilege of seating the Lord SrI rAma on the pretty gem-studded couch of SEsha and gently rocking it;
while exposition of exquisite rAgAs is nicely performed by tyAgarAja, lakshmaNa, appreciating the true purport of SrI rAma, experiences horripilation;
therefore, the fortune of lakshmaNa is indeed the real fortune.

Word-by-word Meaning

P O My Mind (manasA)! The fortune (bhAgyamE) of lakshmaNa - son of mitrA – sumitrA (mitrA) (saumitri) is indeed the real fortune (bhAgyamu).

A O My Mind! The fortune of lakshmaNa,
who has the privilege of seating (unici) the Lord SrI rAma – Consort (patini) of sItA – on (andu) the pretty (citra) gem-studded (ratna-maya) couch (talpamu) (talpamandu) of SEsha and gently rocking (Ucu) (uniciyUcu) it,
is indeed the real fortune.

C The fortune of lakshmaNa,
who, while exposition (AlApamu) of exquisite (vinta) rAgAs (rAgamulanu) (rAgamulanAlApamu) is nicely (bAguga) performed (sEyaga) (by tyAgarAja),
appreciates (pogaDi jucu) (literally praise) the true purport (tatva arthamunu) (tatvArthamunu) of SrI rAma (rAmuni) – praised (nutuDagu) by this tyAgarAja -
such that he (lakshmaNa) experiences horripilation (mEnu pulakarincaga) (literally bodily horripilation),
is indeed the real fortune.

Notes –
Variations –
1 – mitri bhAgyamE bhAgyamu manasA sau(mitri) – mitri bhAgyamE bhAgyamu saumitri bhAgyamE bhAgyamu'
4 – unici –uniki : unici – is appropriate.

References –
2 – saumitri bhAgyamu – The characterisation of sumitrA by tulasi das as given in the website goes to prove that lakshmaNa imbibed those qualities from his mother - http://www.urday.com/sumitra.html

Comments -
1 – mitri – the form of the word is not clear. This word is not found in Sanskriti or Telugu Dictionary. ‘mitrA’ (su-mitrA) is the name of mother of lakshmaNa. Therefore, by dropping ‘sau’ from ‘saumitri’, ‘mitri’ would also mean lakshmaNa only. Thereofore, this word has been translated as ‘lakshmaNa’.
3 – SEsha – (literally ‘remainder’) Adi SEsha embodied as lakshmaNa. The portrayal of anupallavi is indeed very interesting. SrI tyAgarAja states ‘seating the Lord (unici) in the SEsha talpa’; as lakshmaNa himself is SEsha, where is he seating the Lord? Further SrI tyAgarAja states that he (lakshmaNa) rocks (Ucu) the Lord. Therefore, the whole portrayal means that ‘lakshmaNa is mentally enjoying his own nature as SEsha - in relation to SEshi (see below)’.
5 - rAmuni tatvArthamu pogaDi –SrI tyAgarAja considers SrI rAma as ‘parabrahman’ ie ‘pUrNa’ and not as ‘vishNOrardhaM’ (one half of Lord vishNu)-

OM pUrNamada: pUrNamidaM pUrNAt pUrNamudacyatE
pUrNasya pUrNamAdAya pUrNamEva avaSishyatE

“OM. That (Brahman) is infinite, and This (universe) is infinite. This infinite proceeds from That infinite. Taking the infinitude of This inifinte (universe) That infinite remains same (Brahman) alone.”

brahaman is called 'SEshi' (or ucchishTa) and the empirical reality is 'SEsa' – source – http://www.ramanuja.org/sv/bhakti/archives/nov95/0123.html


Devanagari Version

ऎ,कॆ,चॆ.. - e,ke,ce..(short);
ए,के,चे.. - E,kE,cE..(long);
ऐ,कै,चै.. - ai,kai,cai..;
ऒ,कॊ,चॊ.. - o,ko,co..(short);
ओ,को,चो.. - O,kO,cO..(long);
औ,कौ,चौ.. -au,kau,cau..;

प. मित्रि भाग्यमे भाग्यमु मनसा सौ(मित्रि)

अ. चित्र रत्न-मय शेष तल्प(म)न्दु
सीता पतिनि उनिचि(यू)चु सौ(मित्रि)

च. बागुग विन्त रागमुल(ना)लापमु
सेयग मेनु पुलकरिञ्चग
त्यागराज नुतुडगु श्री रामुनि
त(त्वा)र्थमुनु पॊगडि जूचु सौ(मित्रि)


Tamil Version with Meaning

க,ச,ட,த,ப - 2-ख छ ठ थ फ; 3-ग ड द ब; 4-घ झ ढ ध भ
(ச3 - ஜ)
ஸ1 श - शिव - சிவன்
ரு2 ऋ - कृप - கிருபை

ப. மித்ரி பா4க்3யமே பா4க்3யமு மனஸா ஸௌ(மித்ரி)

அ. சித்ர ரத்ன-மய ஸே1ஷ தல்ப(ம)ந்து3
ஸீதா பதினி உனிசி(யூ)சு ஸௌ(மித்ரி)

ச. பா3கு3க3 விந்த ராக3முல(னா)லாபமு
ஸேயக3 மேனு புலகரிஞ்சக3
த்யாக3ராஜ நுதுட3கு3 ஸ்ரீ ராமுனி
தத்(வா)ர்த2முனு பொக3டி3 ஜூசு ஸௌ(மித்ரி)

இலக்குவனுடைய பேறே பேறாகும், மனமே!

சிறந்த, இரத்தினங்களிழைத்த, அரவணையில்
சீதை மணாளனையிருத்தி ஊசலாட்டும்
இலக்குவனுடைய பேறே பேறாகும், மனமே!

நன்கு, புதுமையான ராகங்களில் ஆலாபனை
செய்ய, மேனி புல்லரிக்க,
தியாகராசனால் போற்றப்பெற்றோனாகிய, இராமனின்
மெய்ப்பொருளினை புகழ்ந்து பார்க்கும்
இலக்குவனுடைய பேறே பேறாகும், மனமே!

ஆலாபனை செய்ய - தியாகராசரைக் குறிக்கும்
மேனி புல்லரிக்க - இலக்குவனைக் குறிக்கும்


Telugu Version

ప. మిత్రి భాగ్యమే భాగ్యము మనసా సౌ(మిత్రి)

అ. చిత్ర రత్న-మయ శేష తల్పమందు
సీతా పతిని ఉనిచియూచు సౌ(మిత్రి)

చ. బాగుగ వింత రాగములనాలాపము
సేయగ మేను పులకరించగ
త్యాగరాజ నుతుడగు శ్రీ రాముని
తత్వార్థమును పొగడి జూచు సౌ(మిత్రి)


Kannada Version

ಪ. ಮಿತ್ರಿ ಭಾಗ್ಯಮೇ ಭಾಗ್ಯಮು ಮನಸಾ ಸೌ(ಮಿತ್ರಿ)

ಅ. ಚಿತ್ರ ರತ್ನ-ಮಯ ಶೇಷ ತಲ್ಪಮಂದು
ಸೀತಾ ಪತಿನಿ ಉನಿಚಿಯೂಚು ಸೌ(ಮಿತ್ರಿ)

ಚ. ಬಾಗುಗ ವಿಂತ ರಾಗಮುಲನಾಲಾಪಮು
ಸೇಯಗ ಮೇನು ಪುಲಕರಿಂಚಗ
ತ್ಯಾಗರಾಜ ನುತುಡಗು ಶ್ರೀ ರಾಮುನಿ
ತತ್ವಾರ್ಥಮುನು ಪೊಗಡಿ ಜೂಚು ಸೌ(ಮಿತ್ರಿ)


Malayalam Version

പ. മിത്രി ഭാഗ്യമേ ഭാഗ്യമു മനസാ സൌ(മിത്രി)

അ. ചിത്ര രത്ന-മയ ശേഷ തല്പമന്ദു
സീതാ പതിനി ഉനിചിയൂചു സൌ(മിത്രി)

ച. ബാഗുഗ വിന്ത രാഗമുലനാലാപമു
സേയഗ മേനു പുലകരിഞ്ചഗ
ത്യാഗരാജ നുതുഡഗു ശ്രീ രാമുനി
തത്വാര്ഥമുനു പൊഗഡി ജൂചു സൌ(മിത്രി)

Updated on 18 Nov 2008

No comments: