Tuesday, June 26, 2007

Thyagaraja Kriti - Naada Loludai - Raga Kalyaana Vasantha

Transliteration–Telugu _______________________________________________________
Transliteration as per Modified Harvard-Kyoto (HK) Convention
(including Telugu letters – Short e, Short o) -

a A i I u U
R RR lR lRR
e E ai o O au M (H or :)

(e – short E – Long o – short O – Long)

k kh g gh n/G
c ch j jh n/J (jn – as in jnAna)
T Th D Dh N
t th d dh n
p ph b bh m
y r l L v
S sh s h

nAda lOluDai-kalyANavasanta

In the kRti ‘nAda lOluDai brahmAnandam’ – raga kalyANavasanta, SrI tyAgarAja states that one can experience brahmAnandam through sangItam.

P 1nAda lOluDai brahm-
Anandam(a)ndavE manasA

A svAdu phala prada sapta
svara rAga nicaya sahita (nAda)

C hari har(A)tma bhU-sura pati
2Sara janma gaNES(A)di
vara maunul(u)pAsinca rE3
4dhara 5tyAgarAju teliyu (nAda)

Gist
O My Mind!
Attain Supreme bliss by being immersed in the nAda, consisting of seven svara and the multitude of rAga(s); it is worshipped by vishNu, Siva, brahma, indra, subrahmaNya, gaNESa, many great sages and others; it is known to this tyAgarAja; it bestows sweet results.

Word-by-word Meaning

P O My Mind (manasA)! Attain (andavE) the Supreme bliss (brahmAnandamu) (brahmAnandamandavE) by being immersed (lOludai) (literally enamoured) in the nAda.

A O My Mind! attain Supreme bliss by being immersed in the nAda consisting of (sahita) seven (sapta) svara and the multitude (nicaya) of rAga(s) which bestows (prada) sweet (svAdu) results (phala).

C As vishNu (hari), Siva (hara), brahma - self (Atma) born (bhUH), indra – chief (pati) of celestials (sura) (bhU-sura), subrahmaNya – born (janma) among reeds (Sara), gaNESa, many great (vara) sages (maunulu) and others (Adi) (gaNeSAdi) worship (upAsinnca) nAda,
O (rE) My Mind! in this World (dhara), attain the Supreme bliss by being immersed in the nAda known (teliyu) to this tyAgarAja.

Notes –
1 – nAda – "It is the recognition of a system of Yoga, called Nada Yoga, that the sound actually starts from the region of the navel, where it has its root, and gradually rises up into more and more audible forms, until it is expressed through the physical sound-box and the lips, the tongue, and the mouth. These various stages of the manifestation or the development of sound, right from the navel onwards, are known in Sanskrit as Para, Pasyanti, Madhyama and Vaikhari. Para is a soundless seed, as it were, the very possibility of the production of sound. Pasyanti is a little more pronounced. And the more intensified form is Madhyama; and the audible manifestation of it is Vaikhari. Often, these stages are identified, in the cosmical context, with the four metaphysical realities advanced in the Vedanta Philosophy, namely Brahma, Isvara, Hiranyagarbha and Virat." Source - http://www.swami-krishnananda.org/univ/univ_08.html
2 – Sara janma – Lord subrahmaNya was born in the Lake full of reeds. Please refer to e-book- Lord Shanmukha and His Worship By Sri Swami Sivananda – available for free download from site - http://www.dlshq.org/
3 – upAsinca rE – this is how it is given all the books. If it is given as ‘upAsincirE’, this could be taken as a single word (past perfect) with meaning ‘they worshipped’. However, as it is given as ‘upAsinca’, the word ‘rE’ is to be taken separately as addressed to the mind - ‘rE mAnasa’ and joined to the pallavi.
3 – upAsinca – in my opinion, this should not be translated in the past tense (worshipped). As these personalities mentioned are eternal in nature, it would indicate a perpetual state of worship.
4 – dhara – the exact significance of this word in the context is not clear. However, it has been translated as ‘in this World’.
5 – tyAgarAju teliyu – this can be interpreted in two ways – (1) tyAgarAja knows the fact that vishNu, Siva etc worship nAda; (2) nAda - known to tyAgarAja. It has been translated in the latter sense here.


Devanagari Version

ऎ,कॆ,चॆ.. - e,ke,ce..(short);
ए,के,चे.. - E,kE,cE..(long);
ऐ,कै,चै.. - ai,kai,cai..;
ऒ,कॊ,चॊ.. - o,ko,co..(short);
ओ,को,चो.. - O,kO,cO..(long);
औ,कौ,चौ.. -au,kau,cau..;

प. नाद लोलुडै
ब्रह्मानन्द(म)न्दवे मनसा

अ. स्वादु फल प्रद सप्त
स्वर राग निचय सहित (ना)

च. हरि ह(रा)त्म भू-सुर पति
शर जन्म गणे(शा)दि
वर मौनु(लु)पासिञ्च रे
धर त्यागराजु तॆलियु (ना)


Tamil Version with Meaning

க,ச,ட,த,ப - 2-ख छ ठ थ फ; 3-ग ड द ब; 4-घ झ ढ ध भ
(ச3 - ஜ)
ஸ1 श - शिव - சிவன்
ரு2 ऋ - कृप - கிருபை

ப. நாத3 லோலுடை3
ப்3ரஹ்மானந்த3(ம)ந்த3வே மனஸா

அ. ஸ்வாது3 ப2ல ப்ரத3 ஸப்த
ஸ்வர ராக3 நிசய ஸஹித (நா)

ச. ஹரி ஹ(ரா)த்ம பூ4-ஸுர பதி
ஸ1ர ஜன்ம க3ணே(ஸா1)தி3
வர மௌனு(லு)பாஸிஞ்ச ரே
த4ர த்யாக3ராஜு தெலியு (நா)

நாதத்தில் திளைப்போனாகி,
பரமானந்த மெய்துவாய், மனமே!

சுவையான பயன்களையருளும், ஏழ்
பதப் பண்களுடன் கூடிய
நாதத்தில் திளைப்போனாகி,
பரமானந்தமெய்துவாய், மனமே!

அரி, அரன், தான்தோன்றி, இந்திரன்,
முருகன், கணபதி முதலானோரும்,
உயர் முனிவர்கள், மற்றோரும் வழிபட,
ஏ மனமே, தியாகராசன் அறிந்த
நாதத்தில் திளைப்போனாகி,
புவியில் பரமானந்தமெய்துவாய், மனமே!

தான்தோன்றி - பிரமன்


Telugu Version

ప. నాద లోలుడై
బ్రహ్మానందమందవే మనసా

అ. స్వాదు ఫల ప్రద సప్త
స్వర రాగ నిచయ సహిత (నా)

చ. హరి హరాత్మ భూ-సుర పతి
శర జన్మ గణేశాది
వర మౌనులుపాసించ రే
ధర త్యాగరాజు తెలియు (నా)


Kannada Version

ಪ. ನಾದ ಲೋಲುಡೈ
ಬ್ರಹ್ಮಾನಂದಮಂದವೇ ಮನಸಾ

ಅ. ಸ್ವಾದು ಫಲ ಪ್ರದ ಸಪ್ತ
ಸ್ವರ ರಾಗ ನಿಚಯ ಸಹಿತ (ನಾ)

ಚ. ಹರಿ ಹರಾತ್ಮ ಭೂ-ಸುರ ಪತಿ
ಶರ ಜನ್ಮ ಗಣೇಶಾದಿ
ವರ ಮೌನುಲುಪಾಸಿಂಚ ರೇ
ಧರ ತ್ಯಾಗರಾಜು ತೆಲಿಯು (ನಾ)


Malayalam Version

പ. നാദ ലോലുഡൈ
ബ്രഹ്മാനന്ദമന്ദവേ മനസാ

അ. സ്വാദു ഫല പ്രദ സപ്ത
സ്വര രാഗ നിചയ സഹിത (നാ)

ച. ഹരി ഹരാത്മ ഭൂ-സുര പതി
ശര ജന്മ ഗണേശാദി
വര മൌനുലുപാസിഞ്ച രേ
ധര ത്യാഗരാജു തെലിയു (നാ)

Updated on 02 Nov 2008

3 comments:

sanganur said...

very lucid translation. I refer to your blog often.
Mahadevan

Govindaswamy said...

Dear Sri Govindan
Mr, KSR Prasad's explanation given below has totally satisfied me and removed my doubt.

“Are not vishNu, Siva, Brahma, indra, kumaaraswaamy, gaNESa and great sages worshipping it ? All this is known to me."

He ha taken 'upAcincarE' as rhetoric question. This is more apt.
Regards
Govindaswamy

Govindaswamy said...

Dear Govindan

Just now Pantula Rama's concert is being webcast in Jaya TV. She sang as "vara maunulupAsinciri".

Regards
Govindaswamy

5.1.2017