Wednesday, July 02, 2008

Thyagaraja Kriti - Orulanadukovalasinademi - Raga Suddha Saveri

Transliteration–Telugu
Transliteration as per Modified Harvard-Kyoto (HK) Convention
(including Telugu letters – Short e, Short o) -

a A i I u U
R RR lR lRR
e E ai o O au M (H or :)

(e – short E – Long o – short O – Long)

k kh g gh n/G
c ch j jh n/J (jn – as in jnAna)
T Th D Dh N
t th d dh n
p ph b bh m
y r l L v
S sh s h

orulanADu-SuddhasAvEri

In the kRti ‘orulanADukOvalasinadEmi’ – rAga Suddha sAvEri (tALa Adi), SrI tyAgarAja tells Lord that it is no use blaming others when He does not have pity on him.

pallavi
orulan(A)DukOvalasinad(E)mi
parama pAvana SrI rAma


anupallavi
paritApamu tALaka moral(i)DagA
karuNa lEka nIvE nanu jUDaga (orula)


caraNam 1
mancivAri sahavAsamu bAsi
koncepu narula koraku nuti jEsi
encina kAryamu kUDani gAsi
sahincak(u)NDED(1i)di nA pEru vAsi (orula)


caraNam 2
2rASi(y)anucu narulanu cE pUni
vAsi(y)uNDED(i)di 3bhavAni
ASa priya nE 4mundu rAni
jEsina karmam(a)nukOvale kAni (orula)


caraNam 3
dEva tyAgarAja vinuta sanaka
bhAvanIya raghu kula tilaka
I varakunu nAdu tanuv(a)layaga
nIvE telusukOvale gAka (orula)


Gist

O Supremely Sacred Lord SrI rAma! O Lord dear to Lord Siva! O Lord well-praised by this tyAgarAja! O Most Eminent of raghu dynasty cherished or held dear by sage sanaka!

  • Why should I blame others?

    • Unable to bear the misery, when I entreat You,

  • even if You look at me without compassion, why should I blame others?

    • Abandoning association of good people,
    • flattering petty people for wants,
    • I am unable to bear the grief of not accomplishing what was desired –
    • this is the luck of my name.

    • Considering it to my fate, relying on people, I remain complacent -
    • I should only assume this to be my yet-to-manifest past karma.

    • As my body is languishing till now, You Yourself should understand;

  • otherwise, why should I blame others?



Word-by-word Meaning

pallavi
orulanu-ADukOvalasinadi-Emi
parama pAvana SrI rAma

O Supremely (parama) Sacred (pAvana) Lord SrI rAma! Why (Emi) should I blame (ADukOvalasinadi) others (orulanu) (orulanADukOvalasinadEmi)?


anupallavi
paritApamu tALaka moralu-iDagA
karuNa lEka nIvE nanu jUDaga (orula)

Unable to bear (tALaka) the misery (paritApamu), when I entreat (moralu iDagA) (moraliDagA) You, even if You (nIvE) look (jUDaga) at me (nanu) without (lEka) compassion (karuNa),
O Supremely Sacred Lord SrI rAma! why should I blame others?


caraNam 1
mancivAri sahavAsamu bAsi
koncepu narula koraku nuti jEsi
encina kAryamu kUDani gAsi
sahincaka-uNDEDu-idi nA pEru vAsi (orula)

Abandoning (bAsi) association (sahavAsamu) of good people (mancivAri),
flattering (nuti jEsi) (literally praising) petty (koncepu) people (narula) for wants (koraku),
I am (uNDEDu) (literally he is ) unable to bear (sahincaka) the grief (gAsi) of not accomplishing (kUDani) what (kAryamu) (literally tasks) was desired (encina) (jEsiyencina) - this (idi) (sahincakuNDEDidi) is the luck (vAsi) of my (nA) name (pEru);
O Supremely Sacred Lord SrI rAma! why should I blame others?


caraNam 2
rASi-anucu narulanu cE pUni
vAsi-uNDEDu-idi bhavAni
ASa priya nE mundu rAni
jEsina karmamu-anukOvale kAni (orula)

Considering (anucu) it to my fate (rASi) (rASiyanucu), relying on (cE pUni) (literally holding hands of) people (narulanu), I remain (uNDEDu) (he remains) complacent (vAsi) -
O Lord dear (priya) to Lord Siva – one who loves (ASa) bhavAni!
I should only (kAni) assume (anukOvale) this (idi) (vAsiyuNDEDidi) to be my yet-to-manifest (mundu rAni) past karma (jEsina karmamu) (karmamanukOvale);
O Supremely Sacred Lord SrI rAma! why should I blame others?


caraNam 3
dEva tyAgarAja vinuta sanaka
bhAvanIya raghu kula tilaka
I varakunu nAdu tanuvu-alayaga
nIvE telusukOvale gAka (orula)

O Lord (dEva) well-praised (vinuta) by this tyAgarAja! O Most Eminent (tilaka) (literally mark on fore-head) of raghu dynasty (kula) cherished or held dear (bhAvanIya) by sage sanaka – mind-born son of brahmA!
As my (nAdu) body (tanuvu) is languishing (alayaga) (tanuvalayaga) till now (I varakunu), You Yourself (nIvE) should understand (telusukOvale); otherwise (gAka),
O Supremely Sacred Lord SrI rAma! why should I blame others?


Notes –
Variations
caraNam 2 is not found in some books.

References
4 – mundu rAni karmamu – yet-to-manifest past karma - ‘sancita’ karma is the store of the effects or the impressions of all the actions performed by an individual in his countless previous births. All these effects of actions have to be experienced by the individual in different bodies. An action or a group of actions out of the ‘sancita’ Karma, which can be experienced only under some particular conditions, is allotted to a particular body for the sake of experience in those conditions demanded by this special effect or group of effects of an action or actions. This allotted portion is called ‘prArabdha’. The ‘Agami’ karma consists of actions performed by the individual through a particular body or the mind which will bear fruit in future.”- sancita - prArabdha - Agami karma

Comments -
caraNams 1 and 2 are very difficult to translate because the context is not known and wordings are very terse. If there are any errors, kindly excuse me. If correct meaning is intimated, it will be, accordingly, updated.

1 – idi pEru vAsi – ‘this is luck of my name’ - cursing one’s luck.

2 – rASiyanucu narulanu cE pUni vAsiyuNDEDu – the meaning of these words is not clear. In one book, it is translated as ‘luck will come to man accordingly as fate takes him’. However, this is not entirely satisfying because the construction of words make it difficult to render such a meaning.

3 – bhavAni ASa priya – though this has been translated as ‘Dear to Lord Siva’, the word ‘ASa’ is confusing.



Devanagari

ऎ,कॆ,चॆ.. - e,ke,ce..(short);
ए,के,चे.. - E,kE,cE..(long);
ऐ,कै,चै.. - ai,kai,cai..;
ऒ,कॊ,चॊ.. - o,ko,co..(short);
ओ,को,चो.. - O,kO,cO..(long);
औ,कौ,चौ.. -au,kau,cau..;

प. ऒरुल(ना)डुकोवलसिन(दे)मि
परम पावन श्री राम

अ. परितापमु ताळक मॊर(लि)डगा
करुण लेक नीवे ननु जूडग (ऒ)

च1. मञ्चिवारि सहवासमु बासि
कॊञ्चॆपु नरुल कॊरकु नुति जेसि
ऎञ्चिन कार्यमु कूडनि गासि
सहिञ्च(कु)ण्डे(डि)दि ना पेरु वासि (ऒ)

च2. राशि(य)नुचु नरुलनु चे पूनि
वासि(यु)ण्डे(डि)दि भवानि
आश प्रिय ने मुन्दु रानि
जेसिन कर्म(म)नुकोवलॆ कानि (ऒ)

च3. देव त्यागराज विनुत सनक
भावनीय रघु कुल तिलक
ई वरकुनु नादु तनु(व)लयग
नीवे तॆलुसुकोवलॆ गाक (ऒ)


Tamil

க,ச,ட,த,ப - 2-ख छ ठ थ फ; 3-ग ड द ब; 4-घ झ ढ ध भ
(ச3 - ஜ)
ஸ1 श - शिव - சிவன்
ரு2 ऋ - कृप - கிருபை

ப. ஒருல(னா)டு3கோவலஸின(தே3)மி
பரம பாவன ஸ்ரீ ராம

அ. பரிதாபமு தாளக மொர(லி)ட3கா3
கருண லேக நீவே நனு ஜூட3க3 (ஒ)

ச1. மஞ்சிவாரி ஸஹவாஸமு பா3ஸி
கொஞ்செபு நருல கொரகு நுதி ஜேஸி
எஞ்சின கார்யமு கூட3னி கா3ஸி
ஸஹிஞ்ச(கு)ண்டே3(டி3)தி3 நா பேரு வாஸி (ஒ)

ச2. ராஸி1(ய)னுசு நருலனு சே பூனி
வாஸி(யு)ண்டே3(டி3)தி3 ப4வானி
ஆஸ1 ப்ரிய நே முந்து3 ரானி
ஜேஸின கர்ம(ம)னுகோவலெ கானி (ஒ)

ச3. தே3வ த்யாக3ராஜ வினுத ஸனக
பா4வனீய ரகு4 குல திலக
ஈ வரகுனு நாது3 தனு(வ)லயக3
நீவே தெலுஸுகோவலெ கா3க (ஒ)

மற்றவரைக் குறை கூறுவதேன்?
முற்றிலும் தூயோனே, இராமா!

பரிதாபம் தாளாது முறையிட,
கருணையின்றி, நீயே என்னை நோக்க,
மற்றவரைக் குறை கூறுவதேன்?
முற்றிலும் தூயோனே, இராமா!

1. நல்லோரின் தொடர்பினை விடுத்து,
சிறிய மனிதரை, தேவைகளுக்கு முகமன் கூறி,
எண்ணிய காரியம் கூடாத துயரினைத்
தாளாதிருப்பவன் - இஃதெனது பெயரின் வாசி;
மற்றவரைக் குறை கூறுவதேன்?
முற்றிலும் தூயோனே, இராமா!

2. (எனது) விதியென, மனிதரைக் கைப்பற்றி,
வாசியாக உள்ளவன் - இஃது, பவானியின்
கேள்வனுக்கினியோனே! நான், (இன்னமும்) எதிர்ப் படாத,
(முன்)செய் வினையெனக் கொளல் வேண்டுமேயன்றி,
மற்றவரைக் குறை கூறுவதேன்?
முற்றிலும் தூயோனே, இராமா!

3. தேவா! தியாகராசன் போற்றும், சனகரால்
மதிக்கப் பெற்ற, இரகு குலத் திலகமே!
இது வரையில் எனது உடல் அலைய,
நீயே தெரிந்துகொள்ள வேண்டுமேயன்றி
மற்றவரைக் குறை கூறுவதேன்?
முற்றிலும் தூயோனே, இராமா!

பெயரின் வாசி - பெயரின் தன்மை - அதிட்டமென
வாசியாக உள்ளவன் - நிம்மதியாக உள்ளவன்
பவானியின் கேள்வன் - சிவன்
எதிர்ப் படாத வினை - சஞ்சித வினை
சனகர் - பிரமனின் மைந்தர்


Telugu

ప. ఒరులనాడుకోవలసినదేమి
పరమ పావన శ్రీ రామ

అ. పరితాపము తాళక మొరలిడగా
కరుణ లేక నీవే నను జూడగ (ఒ)

చ1. మంచివారి సహవాసము బాసి
కొంచెపు నరుల కొరకు నుతి జేసి
ఎంచిన కార్యము కూడని గాసి
సహించకుండేడిది నా పేరు వాసి (ఒ)

చ2. రాశియనుచు నరులను చే పూని
వాసియుండేడిది భవాని
ఆశ ప్రియ నే ముందు రాని
జేసిన కర్మమనుకోవలె కాని (ఒ)

చ3. దేవ త్యాగరాజ వినుత సనక
భావనీయ రఘు కుల తిలక
ఈ వరకును నాదు తనువలయగ
నీవే తెలుసుకోవలె గాక (ఒ)


kannada

ಪ. ಒರುಲನಾಡುಕೋವಲಸಿನದೇಮಿ
ಪರಮ ಪಾವನ ಶ್ರೀ ರಾಮ

ಅ. ಪರಿತಾಪಮು ತಾಳಕ ಮೊರಲಿಡಗಾ
ಕರುಣ ಲೇಕ ನೀವೇ ನನು ಜೂಡಗ (ಒ)

ಚ1. ಮಂಚಿವಾರಿ ಸಹವಾಸಮು ಬಾಸಿ
ಕೊಂಚೆಪು ನರುಲ ಕೊರಕು ನುತಿ ಜೇಸಿ
ಎಂಚಿನ ಕಾರ್ಯಮು ಕೂಡನಿ ಗಾಸಿ
ಸಹಿಂಚಕುಂಡೇಡಿದಿ ನಾ ಪೇರು ವಾಸಿ (ಒ)

ಚ2. ರಾಶಿಯನುಚು ನರುಲನು ಚೇ ಪೂನಿ
ವಾಸಿಯುಂಡೇಡಿದಿ ಭವಾನಿ
ಆಶ ಪ್ರಿಯ ನೇ ಮುಂದು ರಾನಿ
ಜೇಸಿನ ಕರ್ಮಮನುಕೋವಲೆ ಕಾನಿ (ಒ)

ಚ3. ದೇವ ತ್ಯಾಗರಾಜ ವಿನುತ ಸನಕ
ಭಾವನೀಯ ರಘು ಕುಲ ತಿಲಕ
ಈ ವರಕುನು ನಾದು ತನುವಲಯಗ
ನೀವೇ ತೆಲುಸುಕೋವಲೆ ಗಾಕ (ಒ)



Malayalam

പ. ഒരുലനാഡുകോവലസിനദേമി
പരമ പാവന ശ്രീ രാമ

അ. പരിതാപമു താളക മൊരലിഡഗാ
കരുണ ലേക നീവേ നനു ജൂഡഗ (ഒ)

ച1. മഞ്ചിവാരി സഹവാസമു ബാസി
കൊഞ്ചെപു നരുല കൊരകു നുതി ജേസി
എഞ്ചിന കാര്യമു കൂഡനി ഗാസി
സഹിഞ്ചകുണ്ഡേഡിദി നാ പേരു വാസി (ഒ)

ച2. രാശിയനുചു നരുലനു ചേ പൂനി
വാസിയുണ്ഡേഡിദി ഭവാനി
ആശ പ്രിയ നേ മുന്ദു രാനി
ജേസിന കര്മമനുകോവലെ കാനി (ഒ)

ച3. ദേവ ത്യാഗരാജ വിനുത സനക
ഭാവനീയ രഘു കുല തിലക
ഈ വരകുനു നാദു തനുവലയഗ
നീവേ തെലുസുകോവലെ ഗാക (ഒ)


Updated on 02 Feb 2010

2 comments:

Raghu said...

Dear Sri Govindan
C1- koncepu narula koraku nuti jEsi- In the meaning given ‘koraku’ appears to stand disjointed. Can the meaning be taken as ‘koncepu koraku narula nuti jEsi’. In this case the meaning will be ‘for small wants’.
C2 - vAsi-uNDEDu- Is not ‘vAsigA UnDeDu’ the common spoken form? I feel that vAsi is a noun and vAsigA is an adverb.
mundu rAni- Has mundu gAni jEsina got corrupted ? Does not mundu mean past? If so, will it mean past karma?
Regards
Govindaswamy

V Govindan said...

Dear Sri Govindaswamy,
Re : koraku.
There are three words kora, koraku, korata. In the present kRti, SrI tyAgarAja seems to have used 'korataku' as 'koraku'.
If it is taken as 'koncepu koraku' as correct, then it would mean that it would be justified to approach for big wants 'pedda koraku'. I do not think that is the intention.

Re - vAsiyuNDEDu - is given correctly in all books. Though it does not make sense, we cannot change it.

Re : mundu rAni - this is again a difficult phrase. I have tried to translate to the best of my ability.

Regards,
V Govindan