Wednesday, June 11, 2008

Thyagaraja Kriti - Sakshi Ledanuchu - Raga Bangala

Transliteration–Telugu
Transliteration as per Modified Harvard-Kyoto (HK) Convention
(including Telugu letters – Short e, Short o) -

a A i I u U
R RR lR lRR
e E ai o O au M (H or :)

(e – short E – Long o – short O – Long)

k kh g gh n/G
c ch j jh n/J (jn – as in jnAna)
T Th D Dh N
t th d dh n
p ph b bh m
y r l L v
S sh s h

sAkshi lEdanucu-bangALa

In the kRti ‘sAkshi lEdanucu’ – rAga bangALa (tALa dESAdi), SrI tyAgarAja asks Lord to accept his devotion as true and have compassion on him.

pallavi
sAkshi lEd(a)nucu sAdhimpakE
satya sandha sad-bhakta pAlaka


anupallavi
vIkshak(A)dul(e)lla navvarA jagat-
sAkshi vamSa nIradhi pUrNa candra (sAkshi)


caraNam
Sakti nIyeDa niNDAra lEdA parA-
Sakti brOva lEdA vishayam(a)ndu
virakti kalgu SrI tyAgarAjuni nija
bhakti nIv(e)ruga lEvA mAnavula (sAkshi)


Gist

O Lord who is true to His Word! O protector of true devotees! O Full Moon risen in the ocean of race of Sun who is witness of the World!

  • Do not assert that or because there are no witnesses.
  • Won’t all those who are watching laugh?

  • Isn’t there abundant power with You?
  • Doesn’t pArvati protect Her devotees?
  • Are You not aware of the kind of true devotion of this tyAgarAja which creates indifference towards sense objects?

  • Do not assert that or because there are no human witnesses.



Word-by-word Meaning

pallavi
sAkshi lEdu-anucu sAdhimpakE
satya sandha sad-bhakta pAlaka

O Lord who is true to His Word (satya-sandha)! O protector (pAlaka) of true (sad) devotees (bhakta)! Do not assert (sAdhimpakE) (literally persist in saying) that or because (anucu) there are no (lEdu) (lEdanucu) witnesses (sAkshi).


anupallavi
vIkshaka-Adulu-ella navvarA jagat-
sAkshi vamSa nIradhi pUrNa candra (sAkshi)

O Full (pUrNa) Moon (candra) risen in the ocean (nIradhi) of race (vamSa) of Sun who is witness (sAkshi) of the World (jagat)!
O Lord who is true to his word! O protector of true devotees! Do not assert that or because there are no witnesses; won’t all (ella) those who are watching (vIkshaka Adulu) (vIkshakAdululella) - laugh (navvarA)?


caraNam
Sakti nIyeDa niNDAra lEdA parA-
Sakti brOva lEdA vishayamandu
virakti kalgu SrI tyAgarAjuni nija
bhakti nIvu-eruga lEvA mAnavula (sAkshi)

Isn’t there (lEdA) abundant (niNDAra) power (Sakti) with You (nIyeDa)? Doesn’t (lEdA) pArvati (parA Sakti) protect (brOva) Her devotees?
Are You (nIvu) not (lEvA) aware (eruga) (nIveruga) of the kind of true (nija) devotion (bhakti) of this tyAgarAja (SrI tyAgarAjuni) which creates (kalgu) indifference (virakti) towards (andu) sense objects (vishayamu) (vishayamandu)?
O Lord who is true to his word! O protector of true devotees! do not assert that or because there are no human (mAnavula) witnesses.



Devanagari

ऎ,कॆ,चॆ.. - e,ke,ce..(short);
ए,के,चे.. - E,kE,cE..(long);
ऐ,कै,चै.. - ai,kai,cai..;
ऒ,कॊ,चॊ.. - o,ko,co..(short);
ओ,को,चो.. - O,kO,cO..(long);
औ,कौ,चौ.. -au,kau,cau..;

प. साक्षि ले(द)नुचु साधिम्पके
सत्य सन्ध सद्भक्त पालक

अ. वीक्ष(का)दु(लॆ)ल्ल नव्वरा जगत्-
साक्षि वंश नीरधि पूर्ण चन्द्र (सा)

च. शक्ति नीयॆड निण्डार लेदा परा-
शक्ति ब्रोव लेदा विषय(म)न्दु
विरक्ति कल्गु श्री त्यागराजुनि निज
भक्ति नी(वॆ)रुग लेवा मानवुल (सा)


Tamil

க,ச,ட,த,ப - 2-ख छ ठ थ फ; 3-ग ड द ब; 4-घ झ ढ ध भ
(ச3 - ஜ)
ஸ1 श - शिव - சிவன்
ரு2 ऋ - कृप - கிருபை

ப. ஸாக்ஷி லே(த3)னுசு ஸாதி4ம்பகே
ஸத்ய ஸந்த4 ஸத்3-ப4க்த பாலக

அ. வீக்ஷ(கா)து3(லெ)ல்ல நவ்வரா ஜக3த்-
ஸாக்ஷி வம்ஸ1 நீரதி4 பூர்ண சந்த்3ர (ஸா)

ச. ஸ1க்தி நீயெட3 நிண்டா3ர லேதா3 பரா-
ஸ1க்தி ப்3ரோவ லேதா3 விஷய(ம)ந்து3
விரக்தி கல்கு3 ஸ்ரீ த்யாக3ராஜுனி நிஜ
ப4க்தி நீ(வெ)ருக3 லேவா மானவுல (ஸா)

சாட்சியில்லையென சாதிக்காதே;
சொல் தவறாதவனே! நற்றொண்டரைப் பேணுவோனே!

நோக்குவோர் யாவரும் நகைப்பரன்றோ? உலக
சாட்சி குலக்கடலின் முழு மதியே!
சாட்சியில்லையென சாதிக்காதே;
சொல் தவறாதவனே! நற்றொண்டரைப் பேணுவோனே!

வல்லமையுன்னிடம் நிறைய இல்லையா?
பராசக்தி காக்கவில்லையா? விடயங்களில்
பற்றின்மை உண்டாகும் தியாகராசனின் உண்மையான
பக்தியினை நீ அறிந்திலையோ? மானவர்களின்
சாட்சியிலலையென சாதிக்காதே;
சொல் தவறாதவனே! நற்றொண்டரைப் பேணுவோனே!

உலக சாட்சி - பரிதி
விடயம் - புலன்களால் நுகரப்படுபவை


Telugu

ప. సాక్షి లేదనుచు సాధింపకే
సత్య సంధ సద్భక్త పాలక

అ. వీక్షకాదులెల్ల నవ్వరా జగత్-
సాక్షి వంశ నీరధి పూర్ణ చంద్ర (సా)

చ. శక్తి నీయెడ నిండార లేదా పరా-
శక్తి బ్రోవ లేదా విషయమందు
విరక్తి కల్గు శ్రీ త్యాగరాజుని నిజ
భక్తి నీవెరుగ లేవా మానవుల (సా)


Kannada

ಪ. ಸಾಕ್ಷಿ ಲೇದನುಚು ಸಾಧಿಂಪಕೇ
ಸತ್ಯ ಸಂಧ ಸದ್ಭಕ್ತ ಪಾಲಕ

ಅ. ವೀಕ್ಷಕಾದುಲೆಲ್ಲ ನವ್ವರಾ ಜಗತ್-
ಸಾಕ್ಷಿ ವಂಶ ನೀರಧಿ ಪೂರ್ಣ ಚಂದ್ರ (ಸಾ)

ಚ. ಶಕ್ತಿ ನೀಯೆಡ ನಿಂಡಾರ ಲೇದಾ ಪರಾ-
ಶಕ್ತಿ ಬ್ರೋವ ಲೇದಾ ವಿಷಯಮಂದು
ವಿರಕ್ತಿ ಕಲ್ಗು ಶ್ರೀ ತ್ಯಾಗರಾಜುನಿ ನಿಜ
ಭಕ್ತಿ ನೀವೆರುಗ ಲೇವಾ ಮಾನವುಲ (ಸಾ)


Malayalam

പ. സാക്ഷി ലേദനുചു സാധിമ്പകേ
സത്യ സന്ധ സദ്ഭക്ത പാലക

അ. വീക്ഷകാദുലെല്ല നവ്വരാ ജഗത്-
സാക്ഷി വംശ നീരധി പൂര്ണ ചന്ദ്ര (സാ)

ച. ശക്തി നീയെഡ നിണ്ഡാര ലേദാ പരാ-
ശക്തി ബ്രോവ ലേദാ വിഷയമന്ദു
വിരക്തി കല്ഗു ശ്രീ ത്യാഗരാജുനി നിജ
ഭക്തി നീവെരുഗ ലേവാ മാനവുല (സാ)


Updated on 05 Jan 2010

3 comments:

Raghu said...

Dear Sri Govindan
C- It is a little bit confusing why tyAgarAja is asking ‘parA-
Sakti brOva lEdA’. Why this comparison between mother and son? On the otherhand is he playing pun with the word Sakti, which also means pArvati, because he has asked earlier ‘Sakti nIyeDa niNDAra lEdA’? Does he imply that You have the same power as your mother?
Regards
Govindaswamy

Raghu said...

Dear Sri Govindan
P - What is the object of sAdhimpakE? సాక్షి లేదనుచు సాధింపకే and சாட்சியில்லையென சாதிக்காதே are in normal use againt a person who is insisting on something though he is wrong. However “Do not assert that or because there are no witnesses” does not convey this fully. Dear Sri Govindan
P - What is the object of sAdhimpakE? సాక్షి లేదనుచు సాధింపకే and சாட்சியில்லையென சாதிக்காதே are in normal use againt a person who is insisting on something though he is wrong. However “Do not assert that or because there are no witnesses” does not convey this fully.
Regards
Govindaswamy

V Govindan said...

Dear Sri Govindaswamy,
Re : parA Sakti brOva lEdA - I do not think there is any deeper meaning to this comparision. It is, in my opinion, to meet the rules of 'prAsa-anuprAsa' Sri Tyagaraja has used 'parA Sakti'.

Re ; sAdhimpakE. As I had elsewhere pointed out, Sri tyAgarAja uses colloquial language very frequently in his kRtis which becomes very difficult to translate. I have faced the same problem in translating the panca ratna kRti 'sAdhincenE'. I agree with you 'do not assert' does not convey fully the real meaning of 'sAdhimpakE' which can be derived in Tamil. But then I will have to give a very longish explanation. It shows 'adamantine attitude'.
I am conscious of the fact the no amount of explanation of Tyagaraja Kritis will ever be satisfying unless we try to get into his 'bhAva'.

Regards,
V Govindan