Sunday, June 22, 2008

Thyagaraja Kriti - Intakanna Ananda - Raga Bilahari

Transliteration–Telugu
Transliteration as per Modified Harvard-Kyoto (HK) Convention
(including Telugu letters – Short e, Short o) -

a A i I u U
R RR lR lRR
e E ai o O au M (H or :)

(e – short E – Long o – short O – Long)

k kh g gh n/G
c ch j jh n/J (jn – as in jnAna)
T Th D Dh N
t th d dh n
p ph b bh m
y r l L v
S sh s h

intakannAnanda-bilahari

In the kRti ‘intakannAnandamEmi’ – rAga bilahari (tALa rUpakaM), SrI tyAgarAja states that there is no greater joy than singing the praises of Lord which enables experiencing the exalted state of ‘sOhaM’

pallavi
1intakann(A)nandam(E)mi O rAma rAma


anupallavi
2santa janulak(e)lla 3sammatiyai(y)uNDu kAni (inta)


caraNam 1
ADucu nAdamuna pADucu eduTa rA
vEDucu manasuna 4kUDi(y)uNDuTa cAlu (inta)


caraNam 2
SrI hari kIrtanacE dEh(A)di indriya
samUhamula maraci 5sOhaM-ainadE cAlu (inta)


caraNam 3
nI japamula vELan(I) jagamulu nIvai
rAjillun(a)ya tyAgarAja nuta 6caritra (inta)


Gist

O Lord SrI rAma! O Lord whose exploits (or conduct) have been praised by this tyAgarAja!

  • What else is greater bliss than this?
  • This will indeed be agreed by all venerable people (that there is no greater bliss).

    • Dancing and singing to the accompaniment of music, entreating You to come before, and being in union with You in the mind, is enough; what else is greater bliss than this?
    • With the (help of) songs in praise of SrI hari, being unaware of the body and senses, ‘me becoming Him’ (sOhaM) is indeed enough; what else is greater bliss than bliss?
    • At that time of chanting Your names, these Worlds would become effulgent verily as You; what else is greater bliss than bliss?



Word-by-word Meaning

pallavi
intakanna-Anandamu-Emi O rAma rAma

O Lord SrI rAma! rAma! What else (Emi) is greater bliss (Anandamu) than (kanna) this (inta) (intakannAnandamEmi)?


anupallavi
santa janulaku-ella sammatiyai-uNDu kAni (inta)

This will indeed (kAni) be (uNDu) agreed (sammatiyai) (sammatiyaiyuNDu) by all (ella) venerable (santa) people (janulaku) (janulakella) (that nothing else is bliss).
O Lord SrI rAma! rAma! What else is greater bliss than this?


caraNam 1
ADucu nAdamuna pADucu eduTa rA
vEDucu manasuna kUDi-uNDuTa cAlu (inta)

Dancing (ADucu) and singing (pADucu) to the accompaniment of music (nAdamuna), entreating (vEDucu) You to come (rA) before (eduTa), and
being in union (kUDi uNDuTa) (kUDiyuNDuTa) with You in the mind (manasuna) is enough (cAlu);
O Lord SrI rAma! rAma! What else is greater bliss than this?


caraNam 2
SrI hari kIrtanacE dEha-Adi indriya
samUhamula maraci sOhaM-ainadE cAlu (inta)

With the (help of) (cE) songs (kIrtana) (kIrtanacE) in praise of SrI hari, being unaware (maraci) (literally forgetting) of the body (dEhA) and (Adi) (dEhAdi) senses (indriya samUhamula) (literally group of sense organs), ‘me becoming Him’ (sOhaM-ainadE) (literally becoming ‘I am verily He’) is indeed enough (cAlu);
O Lord SrI rAma! rAma! What else is greater bliss than bliss?


caraNam 3
nI japamula vELanu-I jagamulu nIvai
rAjillunu-aya tyAgarAja nuta 6caritra (inta)

O Lord (aya)! At that time (vELanu) of chanting (japamula) Your names (nI) (literally You), these (I) (vELanI) Worlds (jagamulu) would become effulgent (rAjillunu) (rAjillunaya) verily as You (nIvai); O Lord whose exploits (or conduct) (caritra) have been praised (nuta) by this tyAgarAja!
O Lord SrI rAma! rAma! What else is greater bliss than this?


Notes –
Variations
1 – intakannAnanda – intakannayAnanda.

3 – sammatiyaiyuNDu – sammatiyuNTE : As ‘sammatiyaiyuNDu’ seems to be appropriate, the same has been adopted.

4 – kUDiyuNDuTa - kUDiyuNDEdi.

6 – caritra – carita.

References
5 - sOhaM – This is one of mahAvAkyas meaning ‘I am verily He’ or simply ‘I am’. Please refer to kRti of sadASiva brahmEndra – ‘khElati piNDANDE’ wherein he mentions ‘haMsas-sOhaM sOhaM-haMsamiti’. This is also known as ‘ajapA gAyatri’ (chantless gayatri) - Meaning of sOhaM.

Comments -
2 – santa janulu – The word ‘santa’ seems similar to hindi expression ‘sAdhu sant’ meaning ‘saintly’ or ‘venerable’. The same telugu word (santa) has the meaning of ‘market’. Keeping in view the context, it has been translated as ‘venerable people’.



Devanagari

ऎ,कॆ,चॆ.. - e,ke,ce..(short);
ए,के,चे.. - E,kE,cE..(long);
ऐ,कै,चै.. - ai,kai,cai..;
ऒ,कॊ,चॊ.. - o,ko,co..(short);
ओ,को,चो.. - O,kO,cO..(long);
औ,कौ,चौ.. -au,kau,cau..;

प. इन्तक(न्ना)नन्द(मे)मि ओ राम राम

अ. सन्त जनुल(कॆ)ल्ल सम्मतियै(यु)ण्डु कानि (इ)

च1. आडुचु नादमुन पाडुचु ऎदुट रा
वेडुचु मनसुन कूडि(यु)ण्डुट चालु (इ)

च2. श्री हरि कीर्तनचे दे(हा)दि इन्द्रिय
समूहमुल मरचि सोह(मै)नदे चालु (इ)

च3. नी जपमुलु वेळ(नी) जगमुलु नीवै
राजिल्लु(न)य त्यागराज नुत चरित्र (इ)


Tamil

க,ச,ட,த,ப - 2-ख छ ठ थ फ; 3-ग ड द ब; 4-घ झ ढ ध भ
(ச3 - ஜ)
ஸ1 श - शिव - சிவன்
ரு2 ऋ - कृप - கிருபை

ப. இந்தகன்(னா)னந்த3(மே)மி ஓ ராம ராம

அ. ஸந்த ஜனுல(கெ)ல்ல ஸம்மதியை(யு)ண்டு3 கானி (இ)

ச1. ஆடு3சு நாத3முன பாடு3சு எது3ட ரா
வேடு3சு மனஸுன கூடி3(யு)ண்டு3ட சாலு (இ)

ச2. ஸ்ரீ ஹரி கீர்தனசே தே3(ஹா)தி3 இந்த்3ரிய
ஸமூஹமுல மரசி ஸோஹ(மை)னதே3 சாலு (இ)

ச3. நீ ஜபமுலு வேள(னீ) ஜக3முலு நீவை
ராஜில்லு(ன)ய த்யாக3ராஜ நுத சரித்ர (இ)

இத்தனைக்கு மேலான ஆனந்தமென்ன, ஓ இராமா, இராமா!

சான்றோர் யாவருக்கும் ஒப்புதல் இருக்குமன்றோ!
இத்தனைக்கு மேலான ஆனந்தமென்ன, ஓ இராமா, இராமா!

1. ஆடிக்கொண்டு, நாதத்துடன் பாடிக்கொண்டு, எதிரில் வர
வேண்டிக்கொண்டு, உள்ளத்தினில் கூடியிருத்தலே போதும்;
இத்தனைக்கு மேலான ஆனந்தமென்ன, ஓ இராமா, இராமா!

2. அரியின் கீர்த்தனையுடன், உடல் முதலாக புலன்கள்
அனைத்தினையும் மறந்து, நான் அவனானதே போதும்;
இத்தனைக்கு மேலான ஆனந்தமென்ன, ஓ இராமா, இராமா!

3. உனது செபம் இயற்றும் வேளை, இவ்வுலகங்கள் நீயாகி
ஒளிருமய்யா, தியாகராசனால் போற்றப் பெற்ற சரிதத்தோனே!
இத்தனைக்கு மேலான ஆனந்தமென்ன, ஓ இராமா, இராமா!

எதிரில் வர - இறைவனைக் குறிக்கும்
கீர்த்தனை - இசையுடன் இறைவன் புகழ்பாடுதல்
மறந்து - அவற்றின் உணர்வு ஒழிந்து
நான் அவனாதல் - ஸோஹம் எனப்படும் சீவான்மா பரமான்மாவுடன் ஒன்றுதல்


Telugu

ప. ఇంతకన్నానందమేమి ఓ రామ రామ

అ. సంత జనులకెల్ల సమ్మతియైయుండు కాని (ఇ)

చ1. ఆడుచు నాదమున పాడుచు ఎదుట రా
వేడుచు మనసున కూడియుండుట చాలు (ఇ)

చ2. శ్రీ హరి కీర్తనచే దేహాది ఇంద్రియ
సమూహముల మరచి సోహమైనదే చాలు (ఇ)

చ3. నీ జపములు వేళనీ జగములు నీవై
రాజిల్లునయ త్యాగరాజ నుత చరిత్ర (ఇ)


Kannada

ಪ. ಇಂತಕನ್ನಾನಂದಮೇಮಿ ಓ ರಾಮ ರಾಮ

ಅ. ಸಂತ ಜನುಲಕೆಲ್ಲ ಸಮ್ಮತಿಯೈಯುಂಡು ಕಾನಿ (ಇ)

ಚ1. ಆಡುಚು ನಾದಮುನ ಪಾಡುಚು ಎದುಟ ರಾ
ವೇಡುಚು ಮನಸುನ ಕೂಡಿಯುಂಡುಟ ಚಾಲು (ಇ)

ಚ2. ಶ್ರೀ ಹರಿ ಕೀರ್ತನಚೇ ದೇಹಾದಿ ಇಂದ್ರಿಯ
ಸಮೂಹಮುಲ ಮರಚಿ ಸೋಹಮೈನದೇ ಚಾಲು (ಇ)

ಚ3. ನೀ ಜಪಮುಲು ವೇಳನೀ ಜಗಮುಲು ನೀವೈ
ರಾಜಿಲ್ಲುನಯ ತ್ಯಾಗರಾಜ ನುತ ಚರಿತ್ರ (ಇ)


Malayalam

പ. ഇന്തകന്നാനന്ദമേമി ഓ രാമ രാമ

അ. സന്ത ജനുലകെല്ല സമ്മതിയൈയുണ്ഡു കാനി (ഇ)

ച1. ആഡുചു നാദമുന പാഡുചു എദുട രാ
വേഡുചു മനസുന കൂഡിയുണ്ഡുട ചാലു (ഇ)

ച2. ശ്രീ ഹരി കീര്തനചേ ദേഹാദി ഇന്ദ്രിയ
സമൂഹമുല മരചി സോഹമൈനദേ ചാലു (ഇ)

ച3. നീ ജപമുലു വേളനീ ജഗമുലു നീവൈ
രാജില്ലുനയ ത്യാഗരാജ നുത ചരിത്ര (ഇ)


Updated on 21 Jan 2010

3 comments:

V Govindan said...

(Comments of Sri Govindaswami - posted erroneously in some other kRti)

Dear Sri Govindan
2 – santa janulu – I found that the meaning for santa is also given as ‘vEdapATamu’
Regards
Govindaswamy

V Govindan said...
This comment has been removed by the author.
V Govindan said...

Dear Sri Govindaswami,
While translating the word, I had kept in mind your observation. However, this meaning does not fit into the context. Sri Tyagaraja makes profound statements in his kRti which can be vouched for only by such persons who have experienced those states.
Persons engaged in vEda recitation do not necessarily mean that they have grasp of the significance of the words - leave alone aparOksha jnAna (apprehension) of these statements. For example, the statement about 'sOhamainadE' is so profound that it is, in my opinion, the sole aim advaita philosophy.
Therefore, in my opinion, by 'santa janulu' Sri tyAgarAja does not mean 'those engaged in vEda recitation'.
Regards,
V Govindan